curi blog comments http://curi.us/comments/recent Explanations for the curious en-us Youngblood - "say you need me" Sleepy Submit Podcast Questions
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-RJSbO8UZVY

it says "say you need me" instead of "do you need me?"

like he could be meaning "say you need me [even if it's not true]"]]>
Mon, 19 Aug 2019 11:03:07 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13329 http://curi.us/comments/show/13329
Benedict Evans miscapitalizes "YouTube" Alisa Alisa Discussion
> you *could* argue that changing the ownership of Youtube or Instagram would open up more competition

> but of course changing who owns Youtube or Instagram

YouTube writes “YouTube” with a capital “Y” and “T”. This can be seen, for example, on [YouTube's support page](https://web.archive.org/web/20190817091843/https://support.google.com/youtube/?hl=en).

[1] The number for Benedict's newsletter appears to be given only in the email subject line. The number isn't visible in the Mailchimp version linked at the bottom of the email. (This is the link I gave above.)]]>
Sun, 18 Aug 2019 23:45:37 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13328 http://curi.us/comments/show/13328
curi Submit Podcast Questions
> The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants.

I dislike Thomas Paine after reading his *Rights of Man*. It's a response to Burke about the French Revolution which does not understand Burke and has low argument quality.]]>
Sun, 18 Aug 2019 19:49:56 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13327 http://curi.us/comments/show/13327
curi Open Discussion (2019) Sun, 18 Aug 2019 19:46:18 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13326 http://curi.us/comments/show/13326 Anonymous The Four Best Books Sun, 18 Aug 2019 19:43:51 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13325 http://curi.us/comments/show/13325 curi Open Thread: Objectivism Discussion
https://conjecturesandrefutations.com/2013/07/27/a-refutation-of-nicholas-dykes-on-karl-popper/#comment-19447

https://conjecturesandrefutations.com/2013/07/27/a-refutation-of-nicholas-dykes-on-karl-popper/#comment-19451]]>
Sun, 18 Aug 2019 13:13:29 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13324 http://curi.us/comments/show/13324
Anonymous The Four Best Books
> 1. On the internet, there is a large Twitter community (which is much friendlier and diverse than the Fallible Ideas community) -- https://twitter.com/daviddeutschoxf

The DD twitter fan club people are not friendlier than FI (they block ppl, are hostile to or disinterested in crit), nor are they a living tradition for seriously learning DD stuff.

You can get some indication of the quality by reading the LT Analyzing Lies material or the ET/Alan/Justin crits of Hermes of Reason

Also not sure wtf the relevance of some unspecified diversity is to learning hard DD stuff (presuming you meant to say "more diverse" btw)

> 2. There is a non-internet world with living traditions -- people are discussing David Deutsch's ideas in a number of places: academia, personal interactions, book clubs, classes, the physics community, etc.

Other than perhaps physics community, how many of these discussions lead to serious learning?]]>
Sun, 18 Aug 2019 07:21:56 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13323 http://curi.us/comments/show/13323
Anonymous The Four Best Books
1. On the internet, there is a large Twitter community (which is much friendlier and diverse than the Fallible Ideas community) -- https://twitter.com/daviddeutschoxf

2. There is a non-internet world with living traditions -- people are discussing David Deutsch's ideas in a number of places: academia, personal interactions, book clubs, classes, the physics community, etc.]]>
Sun, 18 Aug 2019 00:27:02 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13322 http://curi.us/comments/show/13322
Good summary of Oberlin vs Gibson's Bakery Alisa Open Discussion (2019)
The above article is a good summary of the conflict between Oberlin College and Gibson's Bakery. It has some fancy writing, but it also mentions all the important facts known to date (at least, all the important facts I know of).

There are currently 60 [HN comments](https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20720230) on the article.]]>
Sun, 18 Aug 2019 00:07:09 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13321 http://curi.us/comments/show/13321
Anonymous Open Discussion (2019)
What do you like about * Succession*?]]>
Sat, 17 Aug 2019 07:02:00 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13320 http://curi.us/comments/show/13320
Anonymous Programming Discussion
> That's a book.

Thanks. I was hoping for it to be both as Feynman is a great lecturer.]]>
Sat, 17 Aug 2019 06:28:47 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13319 http://curi.us/comments/show/13319
Anonymous Submit Podcast Questions Sat, 17 Aug 2019 04:29:56 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13318 http://curi.us/comments/show/13318 Another way to learn programming Richard P Programming Discussion
Following that thought ...

One overall approach to learning programming is to start with a high-level language. As many of the posts above suggest. That's fine, and good.

Another approach is to start with a very low level language: assembly code.

To take that approach, this is an excellent book:

http://www.bartlettpublishing.com/site/catalog/programming-from-the-ground-up]]>
Fri, 16 Aug 2019 19:11:57 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13317 http://curi.us/comments/show/13317
oh my god it's turpentine Open Discussion (2019)
https://mises.org/library/early-speculative-bubbles-and-increases-supply-money]]>
Fri, 16 Aug 2019 14:36:35 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13316 http://curi.us/comments/show/13316
N Submit Podcast Questions Ok. I will start looking there and if I have follow up questions I'll post them here.]]> Fri, 16 Aug 2019 12:25:15 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13315 http://curi.us/comments/show/13315 curi I Changed My Mind About David Deutsch
He also e.g. accuses me of not giving people enough of a viable alternative to change their mind to which is accessible from where they are now. But he doesn't want to discuss that matter in detail.

[1] http://curi.us/2189-open-discussion-2019#c13235 There are also FI posts and videos about this.]]>
Fri, 16 Aug 2019 11:32:02 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13314 http://curi.us/comments/show/13314
curi Submit Podcast Questions Fri, 16 Aug 2019 11:27:17 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13313 http://curi.us/comments/show/13313 Anonymous Programming Discussion
That's a book.]]>
Fri, 16 Aug 2019 11:24:27 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13312 http://curi.us/comments/show/13312
N Submit Podcast Questions
That is, which ones should one be aware of and why.]]>
Fri, 16 Aug 2019 08:08:19 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13311 http://curi.us/comments/show/13311
N Submit Podcast Questions Fri, 16 Aug 2019 07:40:16 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13310 http://curi.us/comments/show/13310 N Programming Discussion
Fundamentals regarding how it works mostly. I'm reading *Simply Scheme* instead of *SICP* as I found *SICP* too advanced for my present understanding. I will make sure to watch Feynman's lectures on computation. Thank you.]]>
Fri, 16 Aug 2019 05:47:44 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13309 http://curi.us/comments/show/13309
Another Anonymous I Changed My Mind About David Deutsch Fri, 16 Aug 2019 05:14:51 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13308 http://curi.us/comments/show/13308 curi Programming Discussion Thu, 15 Aug 2019 23:35:05 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13307 http://curi.us/comments/show/13307 N Programming Discussion Thu, 15 Aug 2019 22:24:53 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13306 http://curi.us/comments/show/13306 curi Open Discussion (2019) Thu, 15 Aug 2019 17:37:41 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13305 http://curi.us/comments/show/13305 curi Race and IQ "Realism"
Serotonin is involved with thinking. The details are not well understood. But it's understood to have some broad, wide role (kinda like neurons are not fully understood but are understood to play some role in ~all thinking).

Why would people with the same genes have different serotonin levels? (As I would bet money that many identical twins do have.) Because they think differently. If you believe different ideas, you will think differently, which will result in different serotonin levels.

If one person is happy and reads and thinks a lot and has a scientist job, and another is "lazy" and "depressed" and has a manual labor job, that could easily result in different serotonin levels. Serotonin levels are not determined by genes like height is (given adequate nutrition and some other limited assumptions about environment).

This is kinda like asking why two computers would use different amounts of electricity per day from non-hardware factors. Answer: because they did different computations and one did more computation than the other. E.g. one was mining bitcoin all day and one wasn't.

You don't say what you mean by "heritable" and don't seem to be familiar with this field. If you study this link and figure out what it's saying, it will help you (feel free to ask questions as part of that process): http://bactra.org/weblog/520.html

In the meantime, you shouldn't repeat other people's ideas, which you don't know much about, with no citation, with the phrase "I think" in front of them. (That paper is not a cite for the paragraph beginning "I think". The paper does not contain the string "herit".)]]>
Thu, 15 Aug 2019 15:53:38 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13304 http://curi.us/comments/show/13304
Anonymous Race and IQ "Realism"
I think there is already a high enough level of evidence that suggests personality traits themselves are in fact highly heritable and not just through shared environments.

If you can explain somehow the seratonin levels in some peoples brains being different through non genetic factors it would be good to know.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2842692/]]>
Thu, 15 Aug 2019 13:38:09 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13303 http://curi.us/comments/show/13303
curi Open Discussion (2019) Thu, 15 Aug 2019 12:56:42 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13302 http://curi.us/comments/show/13302 Chilipad Alisa Alisa Discussion
The Chilipad consists of two parts: (1) a small refrigerator/heater and (2) a thin pad filled with flexible water-carrying tubes that lies between the mattress and the bottom sheet. A pair of hoses connects the two parts. Whenever the Chilipad is on, water circulates through the pad and through the refrigerator/heater.]]>
Wed, 14 Aug 2019 20:18:26 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13301 http://curi.us/comments/show/13301
curi Critical Rationalism Epistemology Explanations
> Curi I am a bit confused at your response here.

>> If it's a universal theory (X), and you (tentatively) accept one failed observation, and accept the arguments about why it's a counter-example, then you must reject the theory, immediately. It is false.

> As I understood it before, we don't reject it until we have a better explanation. Like for the theory or relativity, we have "failed observations" at the quantum level right? But we don't reject it because we don't have another better theory yet. What am I missing?

If you know something is false, you should never accept it because it's false.

The theory of relativity is accepted *as true* by (approximately) no one. Call it R. What people accept is e.g. "R is a good approximation of the truth (in context C)." This meta theory is not known to be false. I call it a meta theory because it contains R within it, plus additional commentary governing the use of R.

This meta theory, which has no known refutation, is better than R, which we consider false.

KP and DD did not make this clear. I have.

If you believe a theory is false, you must find a variant which you don't know to be false. You should never act on known errors. Errors are purely and always bad and *known* errors are always avoidable and best to avoid. Coming up with an *great* variant can be hard, but a quick one like "Use theory T for purposes X and Y but not otherwise until we know more." is generally easy to create and defend against criticism (unless the theory actually shouldn't be used at all, in any manner).

This is fundamentally the same issue as fixing small errors in a theory.

If someone points out a criticism C of theory T and you think it's small/minor/unimportant (but not wrong), then the proper thing to do is create a variant of T which is not refuted by C. If the variant barely changes anything and solves the problem, then you were correct that C was minor (and you can see that in retrospect). Sometimes it turns out to be harder to create a viable variant of T than you expected (it's hard to accurately predict how important every criticism is before you've come up with a solution. that can be done only approximately, not reliably).

It's easy to make a variant if you allow arbitrary exceptions. "Use T except in the following cases..." That is in fact better than "Always use T" for a T with known exceptions. It's better to state and accept the exceptions than accept the original theory with no exceptions. (It's a different matter if you are doubtful of the exceptions and want to double check the experiments or something. That's fine. I'm just talking from the premises that you accept the criticism/exception.) You can make exceptions for all kinds of issues, not just experiments. If someone criticizes a writing method for being bad for a purpose, let's say when you want to write something serious, then you can create the variant theory consisting of the writing method plus the exception that it shouldn't be used for serious writing. You can take whatever the criticism is about and add an exception that the theory is for people in situations where they don't care about that issue.

Relativity is in the situation or context that we know it's not universally true but it works great for many purposes so we think there's substantial knoweldge in it. No one currently has a refutation of that view of relativity, that meta theory which contains relativity plus that commentary.]]>
Wed, 14 Aug 2019 14:02:55 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13300 http://curi.us/comments/show/13300
Alisa Alisa Discussion Tue, 13 Aug 2019 19:08:17 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13299 http://curi.us/comments/show/13299 Anonymous Open Discussion (2019) Tue, 13 Aug 2019 12:01:25 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13298 http://curi.us/comments/show/13298 Anonymous Alisa Discussion Mon, 12 Aug 2019 22:16:13 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13297 http://curi.us/comments/show/13297 Alisa Alisa Discussion
> re tradition of criticism, that's an alternative to authority.

Is a tradition of criticism the only workable alternative to authority that is compatible with the quest for good explanations? Or is there some other reason that nothing other than a tradition of criticism would work? If not, then I don't see how the quest for good explanations implies the *need* for a tradition of criticism.]]>
Mon, 12 Aug 2019 22:10:42 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13296 http://curi.us/comments/show/13296
Anonymous Open Discussion (2019) Mon, 12 Aug 2019 20:42:02 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13295 http://curi.us/comments/show/13295 Anonymous Open Discussion: Economics
> I'm reminded of the experience of an economist associated with the Mises Institute who was invited to Kazakhstan after the fall of the Soviet Union. He was to advise them on a transition to free markets. He talked to officials about privatization and stock markets and monetary reform. He suggested no regulations on business start-ups. The officials were fascinated. They had become convinced of the general case for free enterprise. They understood that socialism meant that officials were poor too.

> And yet, an objection was raised. If people are permitted to open businesses and factories anywhere, and we close state-run factories, how can the state properly plan where people are going to live? After all, people might be tempted to move to places where there are good-paying jobs and away from places where there are no jobs.

> The economist listened to this point. He nodded his head that this is precisely what people will do. After some time, the government officials became more explicit. They said that they could not simply step aside and let people move anywhere they want to move. This would mean losing track of the population. It could cause overpopulation in some areas and desolation in others. If the state went along with this idea of free movement, it might as well shut down completely, for it would effectively be relinquishing any and all control over people.

> And so, in the end, the officials rejected the idea. The entire economic reform movement foundered on the fear of letting people move — a freedom that most everyone in the United States takes for granted, and which hardly ever gives rise to objection.

This reminded me of the scene in AS between Galt and Mr. Thompson:

> Mr. Thompson spread his hands out. "I don't know. If I did, I wouldn't come to you. It's for you to figure out. You're the industrial genius. You can solve anything."
> "I said it can't be done."
> "You could do it"
> "How?"
> "Somehow." He heard Galt's chuckle, and added, "Why not? Just tell me why not?"
> "Okay, I'll tell you. You want me to be the Economic Dictator?"
> "Yes!"
> "And you’d obey any order I give?"
> "Implicitly!"
> "Then start by abolishing all income taxes."
> "Oh, no!" screamed Mr. Thompson, leaping to his feet. "We couldn't do that! That's . . . that's not the field of production. That's the field of distribution. How would we pay government employees?"
> "Fire your government employees."
> "Oh, no! That's politics! That's not economics! You can't interfere with politics! You can't have everything!"
> Galt crossed his legs on the hassock, stretching himself more comfortably in the brocaded armchair. "Want to continue the discussion?
> Or do you get the point?"]]>
Mon, 12 Aug 2019 18:51:24 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13294 http://curi.us/comments/show/13294
Anonymous Submit Podcast Questions Mon, 12 Aug 2019 14:30:39 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13293 http://curi.us/comments/show/13293 curi Critical Rationalism Epistemology Explanations
> Indeed. I will also add that we don't reject a theory just from 1 failed observation. We must also have a better theory in place. One that explains what the previous theory successfully explained, and accounts for the mismatch in observation.

If it's a universal theory (X), and you (tentatively) *accept* one failed observation, and accept the arguments about why it's a counter-example, then you must reject the theory, immediately. It is false. You may temporarily accept a replacement, e.g. "X is false but I will keep using it as an approximation in low-risk, low-consequences daily situations for now until I figure out a better replacement. A replacement could be a new theory in the usual sense, but could also e.g. be a new combination of X + additional info which more clearly specifies the boundaries of when X is a good approximation and when it's not."

For a non-universal theory Y which applies to a domain D, then the same reasoning applies for one failed *relevant* observation – a counter-example within D.

> The rest of the author of the article goes on to restate (without giving credit) The Dunhem-Quine thesis, of which Popper was aware of and dealt with.

Popper published *Logik der Forschung* in 1934 which explains and addresses that problem. Quine's *Two Dogmas of Empiricism* came out in 1951. As a result, some Popperians think it ought to be called the Dunhem-Popper-Quine thesis. Rather than this issue refuting of Popper, he deserves credit as an originator of the idea (in addition to credit for creating CR, the philosophy which best addresses the problem).

> Logically the thesis states that when an experiment is at odds with a theory, it does not necessarily mean the theory is false, there could be something wrong with the experiment.

There could also be something wrong with the theoretical framework being used to interpret both the experiment and the theory.]]>
Mon, 12 Aug 2019 13:55:44 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13292 http://curi.us/comments/show/13292
curi Anne Discussion
Your grammar study seemed successful to me to. You got very noticeably better at it.]]>
Mon, 12 Aug 2019 11:34:15 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13291 http://curi.us/comments/show/13291
Status Update Anne B Anne Discussion
https://fallibleideas.com/grammar

I've also made up my own exercises for extra practice on particular things. I've also read and responded to other people's FI posts about grammar. It has been helpful having other people on the FI list who are currently studying grammar or are interested in grammar.

I'm not sure if I want to continue studying grammar. If I do, I could go through Peikoff's grammar course. Or I could analyze more sentences that I find myself. I could start with finding sentences with “that” since I've been thinking about the grammar of “that” recently.

My grammar study has been successful so far. I have mostly enjoyed it rather than feeling frustrated or bored. I have learned some grammar. I have gotten the experience of studying something successfully by looking things up and writing and answering posts. This is different from my school experiences of study, where I listened to a teacher and read books and then took tests.

I don't know how to tell when to move on to a new topic. Some other things I'd enjoy studying are: reading comprehension, logic, programming.]]>
Mon, 12 Aug 2019 11:29:26 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13290 http://curi.us/comments/show/13290
N Twin Studies Are Frauds >> I don't agree. Not destroying something that others find pretty is not the same as seeking approval. Destroying the pretty is sometimes just the approval seeking from others. Just look at some fairly recent trends - how lady Gaga dresses or many feminists.

>sometimes sure, but I think Anon was only speaking to the particular situation described in #13214. so I think you're disagreeing with something that wasn't said.

I don't know how you (?) arrived to this being a good sign (the wanting to cut the lashes).
I think the right move of not seeking approval is just saying "thanks" and not bother with it one way or another. Wanting to cut the lashes stems from second-handedness, the praiser's opinion, not one's own.]]>
Mon, 12 Aug 2019 03:44:11 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13289 http://curi.us/comments/show/13289
N Submit Podcast Questions Mon, 12 Aug 2019 02:19:17 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13288 http://curi.us/comments/show/13288 Anonymous I Changed My Mind About David Deutsch Mon, 12 Aug 2019 00:53:41 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13287 http://curi.us/comments/show/13287 oh my god it's turpentine I Changed My Mind About David Deutsch
The DD tweet links to this video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mO3DPSOeVC4

which mentions BoI and Sam Harris's book "Waking Up". The Harris books is about meditation and mindfulness. I haven't read the Harris book, but everything I've read by him in the past has been dog shit.

The video sez that when you do things on autopilot that's when anti-rational memes can be enacted. This is wrong. Lots of anti-rational stuff is done intentionally. For example, there are many anti-rational philosophical ideas that people write about at length while ignoring criticism: justificationism, Marxism etc. These people are not writing on autopilot. They're thinking about what they're doing and coming up with elaborate and confusing ideas that confuse people about the content of their ideas.]]>
Mon, 12 Aug 2019 00:33:05 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13286 http://curi.us/comments/show/13286
Anonymous Alisa Discussion
It's not a logical implication, but it's a view which works well if you see explanations as primary.

re tradition of criticism, that's an alternative to authority.]]>
Sun, 11 Aug 2019 21:00:26 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13285 http://curi.us/comments/show/13285
Anonymous Open Thread: Objectivism Discussion
I guess it would depend on the motivation for not addressing the error. If you thought that your friendship depended on avoiding that error, then yes, that's a compromise. But if you ignored the error because you just had other priorities, then no, not a compromise.]]>
Sun, 11 Aug 2019 20:50:00 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13284 http://curi.us/comments/show/13284
BoI on "[t]he quest for good explanations" and Deutsch's "criterion for reality" Alisa Alisa Discussion
> The quest for good explanations is, I believe, the basic regulating principle not only of science, but of the Enlightenment generally. It is the feature that distinguishes those approaches to knowledge from all others, and it implies all those other conditions for scientific progress I have discussed: It trivially implies that prediction alone is insufficient.

Ok.

> Somewhat less trivially, it leads to the rejection of authority, because if we adopt a theory on authority, that means that we would also have accepted a range of different theories on authority.

Ok. "X is true because Y said so and Y has authority" is not much of an explanation, let alone a hard-to-vary explanation.

> And hence it also implies the need for a tradition of criticism.

Hmm. Is the issue that without ongoing criticism throughout time, the quest for good explanations will ultimately fail, and the only known way to provide ongoing criticism throughout time is to have a tradition of criticism?

> It also implies a methodological rule – a criterion for reality – namely that we should conclude that a particular thing is real if and only if it figures in our best explanation of something.

How does "[t]he quest for good explanations" "impl[y]" Deutsch's "criterion for reality"? (I think "It" at the beginning of the above sentence ultimately refers to the subject of the first sentence of the paragraph, namely, "[t]he quest for good explanations".)]]>
Sun, 11 Aug 2019 20:16:37 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13283 http://curi.us/comments/show/13283
Anonymous I Changed My Mind About David Deutsch
https://twitter.com/DavidDeutschOxf/status/1160250497699340289]]>
Sun, 11 Aug 2019 14:56:56 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13282 http://curi.us/comments/show/13282
curi Open Thread: Objectivism Discussion Sun, 11 Aug 2019 11:19:14 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13281 http://curi.us/comments/show/13281 Anonymous Open Thread: Objectivism Discussion
But in the world today, outside of the context of the novel, wouldn't this behavior be compromising?]]>
Sun, 11 Aug 2019 11:02:42 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13280 http://curi.us/comments/show/13280
curi Open Thread: Objectivism Discussion
While Rand's take on life is realistic in today's context of what people are like, I don't think it extrapolated a more ideal future world in this respect.]]>
Sun, 11 Aug 2019 10:29:36 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13279 http://curi.us/comments/show/13279
Anonymous Open Thread: Objectivism Discussion Sun, 11 Aug 2019 10:18:12 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13278 http://curi.us/comments/show/13278 curi What To Read
https://www.amazon.com/Lucifer-Curves-Legacy-Lead-Poisoning-ebook/dp/B01I3LTR4W

It's pretty good. The first chapter about Lucifer was awful and pointless. Just skip it. There's a lot of correlation and statistics stuff but also some causation too and it's way better and more convincing than any twin study. And it's short.

I didn't fact check it. I read it with text to speech and missed every graph and chart. I didn't carefully look over the reasoning or details. But my general impression was that lead poisoning was a big deal and the author had good reasoning that'd be hard to refute (on the main claims, no doubt there are some detail errors).]]>
Sat, 10 Aug 2019 22:55:12 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13277 http://curi.us/comments/show/13277
curi What To Read
I think it's bad and that the author is a bad thinker. I disliked how the characters thought and talked, which I think was mostly based on the author's own sense of life view of the world. Also the views on genetics, human nature and violence in the book are really awful and anti-reason. And there's a general lack of intelligence combined with some social fakery to try to sound smart.

I would like to read a book with a similar sort of plot by a good author, but this book is too unreadable for me. I like many of the topics.

Some of the use of references remind me of Ready Player One as reviewed and extensively criticized by CharlesXII at http://www.autoadmit.com/thread.php?thread_id=4248817&mc=515&forum_id=2 There were fantastic four and batman references in particular near the beginning that I thought were irrelevant pandering crap and were handled really badly.

IMO there's something really off and bad about the writing style throughout. It's hard to explain though.

I liked Stephenson's Snowcrash and Diamond Age years ago. I read Cryptonomicon too but was less impressed. I started Quicksilver but got bored early on. I don't know if the old books are bad like Seveneves (and I was a less perceptive reader) or if he was better then and changed. Both seem plausible.

I read parts of Seveneves after DD tweeted plugging Stephenson's latest book. I read several negative Amazon reviews about the new book. One in particular said he had gotten too popular for editors to tell him what to do, so it was incoherent because no one could fix anything. They said the same thing had happened with Heinlein, which makes some sense to me because some of Heinlein's late books are weird and bad IMO even though I like most of his books. Anyway that guy thought Seveneves and Anathem were good, unlike the new one, so that's why I tried Seveneves.
I could go into more detail but I don't really want to.]]>
Sat, 10 Aug 2019 22:50:41 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13276 http://curi.us/comments/show/13276
curi Open Discussion (2019) Sat, 10 Aug 2019 20:20:44 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13275 http://curi.us/comments/show/13275 A trick for solving problems that should be possible but seem impossible Alisa Alisa Discussion
- Figuring out how to close the blinds to get some privacy in a street-level hotel room that seems like it doesn't have blinds
- Figuring out how to turn the cooling on in a hotel room that doesn't seem like it has air conditioning (AC)

The trick is: act as if things make sense even though it seems like they don't. It's a mental attitude to try adopting temporarily. Just assume that things must make sense somehow and keep looking for how that could be.

The example problems above actually happened to me. I was with someone who used the trick to figure out how to solve each problem. They shared the trick with me after I asked how they did it.

The solution to the missing AC control is that it was in a strange location. I forget exactly where. But it doesn't make sense that a hotel wouldn't have AC, so it was worth assuming that there was AC and trying to find the control for it.

The actual blinds were somehow covered behind semi-transparent curtains. They were attached to a high railing and kind of hidden. But they were there. And when you closed them, it gave the room privacy from the street.]]>
Sat, 10 Aug 2019 18:04:46 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13274 http://curi.us/comments/show/13274
Anonymous Politics Discussion
https://twitter.com/OwenComedy/status/1158710740477456384]]>
Sat, 10 Aug 2019 14:58:31 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13273 http://curi.us/comments/show/13273
curi Open Discussion (2019)
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLKx6lO5RmaeuXinlXLiZtm16HNE20KPdL]]>
Sat, 10 Aug 2019 13:46:02 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13272 http://curi.us/comments/show/13272
reply to #13246 Anonymous Twin Studies Are Frauds
sometimes sure, but I think Anon was only speaking to the particular situation described in #13214. so I think you're disagreeing with something that wasn't said.]]>
Sat, 10 Aug 2019 06:04:37 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13271 http://curi.us/comments/show/13271
Anonymous Alisa Discussion
With the other one, you have a single idea at all times which says some stealing is wrong and some is right.

In the one case, your ideas are what's changing around time. At different times you have different opinions of the same situation. In the other case, the situation is what changes.]]>
Fri, 09 Aug 2019 21:09:47 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13270 http://curi.us/comments/show/13270
Kate Alisa Discussion
> You seem to be missing the point that Alisa was speaking narrowly about limited issues, and then asked if you could point out a false statement.

I wondered about that point, which is why I wrote this:

>Now, I guess you might be thinking "Well, I didn't say that it was *right* to believe that. I just said that I believed it some times. I was just honestly stating the facts regarding my beliefs. Therefore, I didn't actually make a false statement."

To clarify, I agree with this reasoning as stated. Alisa didn't actually make a false statement.

back to anon:

>Alisa was trying to say things which were true rather than false, as written, exactly. You are talking about how, in some context, some of it could be bad or misleading which is a different issue.

I don't understand why Alisa doesn't care that his belief is a mistake. But it's his call. I'll drop it.

> You are still pushing this after Alisa clearly and directly communicated what he cares about (false statements). You have not in fact pointed out a false statement from Alisa's comment, but you haven't clearly admitted you can't, and you have continued with other types of criticism that Alisa didn't express interest in and which you could probably guess that Alisa has heard before.

What other types of criticism? The idea that he should care when his beliefs are mistaken?

>> Suppose someone says "I believe it's ok to steal from ppl some times."

> That is not equivalent to what Alisa said. That strikes me as dishonest. That or it's a grammar error with an ambiguous modifier on the end. What Alisa said was about *believing sometimes*, but you've changed it, as I read it, to being about always believing that *stealing* is ok sometimes (in some situations).

I see what you mean. Sorry. The grammar is different between them. I don't know if it was dishonesty or carelessness (or both...they are related). Anyways, I just wrote the meaning that I had in mind. And looking at it now, even though the grammar is different, I'm having a hard time seeing the difference in meaning.

I sometimes believe it's ok to steal.

I believe it's ok to steal sometimes.

(BTW, I think "sometimes" is better.)

If you sometimes believe it's ok to steal, then there will be times when you believe it's ok to steal.

If you believe it's ok to steal sometimes, then aren't we left with the same conclusion? That there will be times when you believe it's ok to steal?

How are they different?]]>
Fri, 09 Aug 2019 20:11:58 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13269 http://curi.us/comments/show/13269
Gene-interaction and 'personality' (free will part) PA Open Discussion (2019)
Does that make any sense?]]>
Fri, 09 Aug 2019 19:13:05 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13268 http://curi.us/comments/show/13268
curi Alisa Discussion
If you have a bunch of one-line tests which just call a library function, then you're part of the way there. But it'd be superior to write some code which generates all those individual tests instead of writing them all by hand.

Also I talked about this in my stream https://youtu.be/EiPMrvQYx5w approximately 2 hours in. (I talked about some other comments from this page earlier in the stream, too.)]]>
Fri, 09 Aug 2019 18:50:17 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13267 http://curi.us/comments/show/13267
Anonymous Alisa Discussion
Saying something like "Sometimes I believe X" also is not stating X.

> then I think you're missing the point.

You seem to be missing the point that Alisa was speaking narrowly about limited issues, and then asked if you could point out a false statement. Alisa was trying to say things which were true rather than false, as written, exactly. You are talking about how, in some context, some of it could be bad or misleading which is a different issue. You are still pushing this after Alisa clearly and directly communicated what he cares about (false statements). You have not in fact pointed out a false statement from Alisa's comment, but you haven't clearly admitted you can't, and you have continued with other types of criticism that Alisa didn't express interest in and which you could probably guess that Alisa has heard before.

> Suppose someone says "I believe it's ok to steal from ppl some times."

That is not equivalent to what Alisa said. That strikes me as dishonest. That or it's a grammar error with an ambiguous modifier on the end. What Alisa said was about *believing sometimes*, but you've changed it, as I read it, to being about always believing that *stealing* is ok sometimes (in some situations).]]>
Fri, 09 Aug 2019 18:22:21 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13266 http://curi.us/comments/show/13266
Kate Alisa Discussion
I think believing the idea "that it's morally worse to lie to someone else than it is to lie to yourself" is a mistake.

Now, I guess you might be thinking "Well, I didn't say that it was *right* to believe that. I just said that I believed it some times. I was just honestly stating the facts regarding my beliefs. Therefore, I didn't actually make a false statement."

If that's the case, then I think you're missing the point. It's sort of like this:

Suppose someone says "I believe it's ok to steal from ppl some times."

Another person says "That's wrong and here's why -- blah, blah, blah."

The first person replies "If you can identify a single false statement in the post of mine to which you replied, I would appreciate hearing about it."]]>
Fri, 09 Aug 2019 16:11:35 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13265 http://curi.us/comments/show/13265
Scenarios in which you could lie to yourself w/out lying to others? Alisa Alisa Discussion
> when we believe lies we tell ourselves, it is almost *inevitable* that we tell those lies to other people as well

Practically speaking, I agree. However, I think there are a few theoretical scenarios in which someone could lie to themselves without lying to others. Here are a few:

- Say someone follows a vow of silence. If they don't talk to others, they won't lie to others.

- Say someone never talks about a certain area of their life. If they lie to themselves only about that area, then they wouldn't inevitably tell those lies to others.]]>
Fri, 09 Aug 2019 15:24:41 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13264 http://curi.us/comments/show/13264
Alisa Alisa Discussion Fri, 09 Aug 2019 15:09:13 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13263 http://curi.us/comments/show/13263 curi Open Discussion (2019)
![](https://curi.us/files/yt-watch-time-glitch.png)]]>
Fri, 09 Aug 2019 13:17:06 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13262 http://curi.us/comments/show/13262
Anonymous Submit Podcast Questions Fri, 09 Aug 2019 11:34:50 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13261 http://curi.us/comments/show/13261 Kate Submit Podcast Questions
VoS — "How Does One Lead a Rational Life in an Irrational Society?”:

>And then, on some gray, middle-aged morning, such a man realizes suddenly that he has betrayed all the values he had loved in his distant spring, and wonders how it happened, and slams his mind shut to the answer, by telling himself hastily that the fear he had felt in his worst, most shameful moments was right and that values have no chance in this world.]]>
Fri, 09 Aug 2019 09:29:33 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13260 http://curi.us/comments/show/13260
Kate Alisa Discussion Fri, 09 Aug 2019 09:21:03 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13259 http://curi.us/comments/show/13259 Morality isn't primarily about others Kate Alisa Discussion
I think this puts morality inside a social framework. It conveys that the reason to be moral is the effect on other people.

But the primary reason to be moral is for *you*. It's to help *you* successfully live. It's to help *you* not destroy yourself (by destroying your mind). Others come into the picture only secondary to that goal.

I think it's much worse to lie to yourself than to lie to others. When lying to others, it's possible that you retain a tie to reality (e.g. you lie only to them and not also to yourself). If you lie to yourself, then by definition you've lost that tie, which is a much worse position for you to be in.]]>
Fri, 09 Aug 2019 09:19:39 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13258 http://curi.us/comments/show/13258
Gene-environment interaction and 'personality' a different anonymous Open Discussion (2019) Fri, 09 Aug 2019 08:47:37 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13257 http://curi.us/comments/show/13257 lying Anne B Alisa Discussion Fri, 09 Aug 2019 08:42:29 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13256 http://curi.us/comments/show/13256 Anonymous Submit Podcast Questions Fri, 09 Aug 2019 07:59:46 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13255 http://curi.us/comments/show/13255 Gene-environment interaction and 'personality' Anonymous Open Discussion (2019)
1. Genes cause changes in environments.

2. People are born with their own 'unique' genetic make-up. In the sense that they have knowledge that has some variation from their parents/ancestors but obviously some similarities too.

Combining 1 and 2: do two people have their own 'temperaments' due to their initial conditions? Some kind of butterfly/chaos theory effect leading to wildly different/unique outcomes?

If so, is it then correct to say people's personalities are caused by their genes? Even if it's only the initial different interaction with the environment that causes a difference (assuming exactly the same initial environment)? Or is it a question then of: where does the environment interaction begin?]]>
Fri, 09 Aug 2019 00:03:20 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13254 http://curi.us/comments/show/13254
N Open Discussion (2019)
I really like the new video postings. Unfortunately I haven't been able to join in live more than once, but having it available afterwards is very good and helps to understand the posts on a deeper level. Just watching the one on twin studies after having read the article a couple of days ago.]]>
Thu, 08 Aug 2019 21:49:57 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13253 http://curi.us/comments/show/13253
To avoid lying to others, you have to avoid lying to yourself Alisa Alisa Discussion Thu, 08 Aug 2019 20:46:51 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13252 http://curi.us/comments/show/13252 Anonymous Politics Discussion
https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/08/07/mitch-mcconnell-campaign-suspended-from-twitter-for-highlighting-violent-threats/]]>
Thu, 08 Aug 2019 16:57:00 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13251 http://curi.us/comments/show/13251
curi Open Discussion (2019)
https://www.hongkiat.com/blog/detect-website-change-notification/

Point one of those at the recent comments page from the sidebar.]]>
Thu, 08 Aug 2019 10:13:39 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13250 http://curi.us/comments/show/13250
Anonymous Open Discussion (2019)
It's funny how they put advertisements/marketing/bragging into product titles. Makes sense though when Amazon is going to text me about it and refer to it by title. Helps with how it displays in search results too.]]>
Thu, 08 Aug 2019 10:11:41 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13249 http://curi.us/comments/show/13249
N Open Discussion (2019) Wed, 07 Aug 2019 23:46:03 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13248 http://curi.us/comments/show/13248 Unit tests for knowledge Alisa Alisa Discussion
In programming, I write new tests for each function. I don't have a generic library of tests that I apply to new functions. I have generic test *helper* functions and test *libraries* that make testing in general easier, but still, each function requires its own new test, and I usually have to think about the inputs for each new function and about what the correct outputs should be.]]>
Wed, 07 Aug 2019 20:46:12 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13247 http://curi.us/comments/show/13247
Anonymous Twin Studies Are Frauds
>Most people wind up seeking approval of others pretty early, but you were going the other way. *That was a good sign!*

I don't agree. Not destroying something that others find pretty is not the same as seeking approval. Destroying the pretty is sometimes just the approval seeking from others. Just look at some fairly recent trends - how lady Gaga dresses or many feminists.]]>
Wed, 07 Aug 2019 02:48:20 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13246 http://curi.us/comments/show/13246
oh my god it's turpentine Open Thread: Objectivism Discussion Tue, 06 Aug 2019 23:54:25 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13245 http://curi.us/comments/show/13245 Alisa Alisa Discussion
>> I could try to notice when I'm acting social (which is not THAT often, I think)

Anon replied:

> I'd guess it's most of the time, or at least most of the time you're around anyone other than family.

Ok. I will modify my proposal from #13204 to take account of your point. My modification is to remove the text "(which is not THAT often, I think)". The result is:

>>> I could try to notice when I'm acting social and to be extra alert for lies during those times.

I don't currently notice myself acting social often enough for that to be a burden, but I do notice it enough for it to give me something to work on.

Suppose I eventually learn to notice myself acting social in more situations. Then maybe my capacity to watch out for my own lies will also have grown. If it hasn't, I'll have to think of something else.]]>
Tue, 06 Aug 2019 23:25:40 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13244 http://curi.us/comments/show/13244
internetrules Writing Update
>I write more, and edit less, than most writers.

in the past, i did alot more editing than writing. but now i have tried to use the standard of "is it good enough? do i think this shows what my ideas are?" and that makes it so i can write things without feeling the need to edit them so much.]]>
Tue, 06 Aug 2019 15:55:47 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13243 http://curi.us/comments/show/13243
curi Open Thread: Objectivism Discussion Tue, 06 Aug 2019 15:15:26 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13242 http://curi.us/comments/show/13242 curi Open Thread: Objectivism Discussion
> In economics, Hayek makes great contributions

> But in philosophy, the story is different: Hayek is more conservative than radical.

No mention of Rand calling Hayek "poison" – or why. If HB knows Rand's opinion of Hayek, it's massive dishonesty to omit it from this article. If he doesn't know, what the actual fuck for someone in his position not to be familiar with Rand's writing.

No mention of Hayek's sympathies with socialism, his advocacy of government-guaranteed tax-funded income handouts to all, and his other huge errors.]]>
Tue, 06 Aug 2019 15:14:37 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13241 http://curi.us/comments/show/13241
Anonymous Open Discussion (2019)
NYT wrote a factual headline describing a speech Trump gave. Leftists complained and NYT made the headline biased]]>
Tue, 06 Aug 2019 10:13:48 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13240 http://curi.us/comments/show/13240
Anonymous Open Discussion (2019)
1. To know the Philosophy.

2. Access to the institutions to then gain decision making authority in order to noticeably change them (within a lifetime).

And of course one must support oneself in the meantime. It is a difficult to problem to solve.]]>
Tue, 06 Aug 2019 01:55:53 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13239 http://curi.us/comments/show/13239
Anonymous Alisa Discussion
I'd guess it's most of the time, or at least most of the time you're around anyone other than family.]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 19:40:39 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13236 http://curi.us/comments/show/13236
RIP DD curi Open Discussion (2019)
DD has been trying to pander to the "intellectual elite". This shows a lack of understanding of Rand's explanations of how to live in an irrational society (in VoS) and of the story of Wynand. You can't get people to listen to you by presenting one way, then say your real ideas that you've been hiding (e.g. DD's ideas about parenting or capitalism, which he largely avoids telling anyone about) – that is a bait and switch and people will turn on you, as e.g. Wynand found out when he tried to support Roark and lost his audience.

https://www.reddit.com/r/samharris/comments/50p5un/has_sam_ever_directly_refuted_objectivism_in_any/d75xi5o/

Thanks for sharing this link. I hadn't seen it. Quoting DD:

> I admire Ayn Rand, but not as a philosopher.

That is *not* what he ever said to me and is far more hostile to Rand than he used to be. And btw DD gave me explicit permission to publicly say he was a "fan" of Ayn Rand with no qualifiers, exceptions or buts.

> As an observer of people, and of some of the pervasive irrationalities and hangups of our culture (especially the ones she somewhat misleadingly called 'altruism'),

DD didn't do this kind of sniping against Rand in our conversations.

> she was outstanding. As a polemical writer criticising these irrationalities and exposing the harm they do, she was excellent and persuasive. And her optimism and pro-human stances are refreshing and inspiring (and true).

DD refers to e.g. Rand's work on second-handedness without naming it. He's vague on purpose. I think he's partly trying to avoid using Objectivist terminology (which he's fluent in lots of) to distance himself from it.

> But she had a strong tendency to make hyperbolic generalisations and to double down on them with nonsense in order to deflect any potential criticism. Just consider dispassionately, if you can, whether the following statement is true or false:
>
> > "In no case and in no situation may one permit one’s own values to be attacked or denounced, and keep silent".

This is not a random quote. This is chosen specifically from one of the essays DD most misunderstands and/or disagrees with (regarding its main points, not wording details). And, as with ~everything else in philosophy, DD will not debate the matter. He also won't study this seriously. But he knows, correctly, that this is one of the essays he's living his life contrary to and it's one of the ones for him to attack.

And DD is being picky about an issue which he knows (or maybe he forgot since he hasn't read much Rand for decades) is covered a few chapters earlier in the same book. Rand already explained the context of her statement and how to interpret it (as part of a normal situation, not as part of the ethics of emergencies like living in a Nazi state.)

And DD is using sloppy wording himself. "strong tendency"? He ought to know better. During the editing process, I word-searched BoI for certain key words like *probable*, *tends*, *likely* and I went through *every single instance of those words in the entire book* and pointed out *dozens of cases where they should be changed*. He's extremely familiar with the issue of misuse of probability words and similar stuff (I learned that from him).

> The thing is, if literally true, this is a profound discovery in moral philosophy, with dramatic practical implications. But if it is merely a maxim that is true in a certain vaguely defined set of circumstances, and her idea is that people often defer to social convention when they shouldn't, then it is unoriginal and unspectacular though arguably useful in a self-help-book sort of way. She intends the latter meaning but expresses it in terms suggesting the former. As polemic or rhetoric, that's great. As philosophy, it's embarrassing wannabe stuff.

These smears ("self-help-book", "embarrassing wannabe") do not resemble, *at all*, the man I knew. Very very sadly, the DD I knew is gone. He was a great man.

DD has changed his position on Rand without publicly explaining his prior position nor explaining (I'd guess to anyone at all, including himself) what specifically he changed his mind about or why.

> She was (ironically) obsessed with attributes of people rather than of ideas. That's why her followers tend to form themselves into groups with insider/outsider ideologies (somewhat unfairly called 'cults' by her detractors).

"obsessed" is insulting mental illness terminology, contrary to Szasz. DD claims to respect Szasz, who he claims to have read and understood. But, as with other matters, he's gotten worse about it over time. He forgot some stuff and he never fully understood it.

And this is DD is doing socially-calibrated pandering to men like Dawkins, Harris and Pinker. He's shifting his opinions to what they like to hear.

> In regard to fundamental philosophical theory she was hopelessly incompetent and confused. Despite this, her actual conclusions about economics and politics, which don't really follow from these purported foundations, are very good indeed --- though she underestimated the resilience of American and Anglosphere institutions, and indeed underrated the importance of institutions generally. Her main -- perhaps her only -- innovation, was to stress much more than anyone before her that free markets are morally superior to socialism, and that defending them in terms of efficiency only is to concede much of (she would say the whole of!) the opponents' case."

This is totally unlike my dozens of conversations with DD about Objectivism. It's hateful and it hides *why* he's hateful. The whole thing avoids sharing his actual reasoning and just focuses on a few minor issues (plus *vague*, broad statements) that are easier to comment on.

RIP DD.

This is so sad. This might be literally the worst thing he's ever written. There were some bad things after he quit all discussion forums, mostly on twitter, but I don't recall anything this bad. And his posts were far better than this when he used to participate on forums.]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 19:37:04 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13235 http://curi.us/comments/show/13235
Cloudflare terminates service for 8chan Alisa Open Discussion (2019)
> Cloudflare, which provides Internet infrastructure to websites (protecting against DDOS - distributed denial of service attacks), kicked 8Chan off its network. https://new.blog.cloudflare.com/terminating-service-for-8chan/]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 19:20:23 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13234 http://curi.us/comments/show/13234
curi Open Discussion (2019)
Academia is possible – it can work – but I don't think it's a good option in general. Maybe if someone is already invested in it. But everything else being equal, I think having a pretty easy non-intellectual job (not too draining intellectually or physically, not much physical labor) where you can listen to audio books a fair amount of the time would be better than academia. Getting a philosophy PhD was hell for Peikoff and it's gotten worse, not better, since then. And universities have lots of office politics, social climbing, and SJW crap. It's hard to get professor jobs and to get tenure, and I doubt having tenure makes you half as safe as its reputation (it's supposed to give you the freedom to speak freely and stuff because you don't have to fear being fired). And getting published in academic journals is a mess. This came up in my streams the last few days, which are on my YouTube.

Besides programming, a major option is take what you already like, or are already good at, and get some income from that. That works best if you're high skilled. It's hard to make money out of a hobby or interest that you're average at unless you're particularly good at something else (e.g. making videos with social signaling that people like) or it's an area where it's particularly easy to make money (e.g. if you like to cook and your interest is compatible with working in a restaurant kitchen which is actually pretty different than hobbyist cooking).]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 19:07:54 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13233 http://curi.us/comments/show/13233
Alisa Alisa Discussion
I could try to notice when I'm acting social (which is not THAT often, I think) and to be extra alert for lies during those times. I think that would be a do-able and potentially helpful next step.]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 18:54:15 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13232 http://curi.us/comments/show/13232
Jobs in society today Anonymous Open Discussion (2019)
What kinds of ideas do people have about ways to support oneself but also learn and do good philosophy or scholarly work? I noticed Elliot has his own digital products. Is academia still an effective path at all?]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 18:30:26 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13231 http://curi.us/comments/show/13231
David Deutsch on Ayn Rand Anonymous Open Discussion (2019) Mon, 05 Aug 2019 18:26:44 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13230 http://curi.us/comments/show/13230 PA Open Discussion (2019) Mon, 05 Aug 2019 18:19:10 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13229 http://curi.us/comments/show/13229 Anonymous Politics Discussion
> London has vastly more security cameras than any other city in a democracy and is exploring face recognition.

The [article link](https://www.ft.com/content/f4779de6-b1e0-11e9-bec9-fdcab53d6959) is paywalled but the headline says a lot. Scary.]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 15:07:57 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13228 http://curi.us/comments/show/13228
Anonymous Politics Discussion
https://new.blog.cloudflare.com/terminating-service-for-8chan/

Cloudflare's post calls the US First Amendment a "libertarian" policy (this is a hint that they disapprove of it) and distances themselves by emphasizing it doesn't apply to private business or to other countries – and they say they are more of a foreign company than US one.

Scary.

And what do they prefer to the "libertarian" US policy of protecting freedom?

> Europe, for example, has taken a lead in this area. As we've seen governments there attempt to address hate and terror content online,]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 15:03:05 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13227 http://curi.us/comments/show/13227
curi Open Discussion (2019) Mon, 05 Aug 2019 14:36:34 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13226 http://curi.us/comments/show/13226 curi Submit Podcast Questions
See also http://curi.us/1804-donald-trump-is-a-protectionist]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 12:58:01 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13225 http://curi.us/comments/show/13225
Anonymous Submit Podcast Questions Mon, 05 Aug 2019 12:43:45 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13224 http://curi.us/comments/show/13224 Anonymous Twin Studies Are Frauds
> I remember my mom told me that when I was like 4 years old I was trying to cut my lashes because my teacher said she liked my lashes or something like that.

> I explained this to my daughter and she said that it means I didn't want the attention.

> Maybe I thought that long lashes meant I look like a girl and I didn't want to look like a girl.

Most people wind up seeking approval of others pretty early, but you were going the other way. That was a good sign!]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 10:57:12 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13223 http://curi.us/comments/show/13223
curi Twin Studies Are Frauds
The approach needed is *critical rationalism*. It is an *epistemology* (philosophy of knowledge) which explains *how learning works*. In particular, we learn by *conjectures and refutations* (brainstorming guesses and and using criticism to find and correct mistakes and otherwise improve the ideas we've created).

To understand causes, one must brainstorm ideas about what the causes could be and use critical thinking, including critical discussion, to rule out bad guesses.]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 10:53:14 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13222 http://curi.us/comments/show/13222
Anonymous Open Discussion (2019)
http://historyloversclub.com/historical-pictures-of-the-world-trade-center-buildings/5/]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 10:10:00 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13221 http://curi.us/comments/show/13221
Anonymous Submit Podcast Questions
> "It is not any crime you have ever committed that infects your soul with permanent guilt, it is none of your failures, errors or flaws, but the blank-out by which you attempt to evade them-it is not any sort of Original Sin or unknown prenatal deficiency, but the knowledge and fact of your basic default, of suspending your mind, of refusing to think.
> Fear and guilt are your chronic emotions, they are real and you do deserve them, but they don't come from the superficial reasons you invent to disguise their cause, not from your 'selfishness,' weakness or ignorance, but from a real and basic threat to your existence: fear, because you have abandoned your weapon of survival, guilt, because you know you have done it volitionally.
> "The self you have betrayed is your mind; self-esteem is reliance on one's power to think. The ego you seek, that essential 'you' which you cannot express or define, is not your emotions or inarticulate dreams, but your intellect, that judge of your supreme tribunal whom you've impeached in order to drift at the mercy of any stray shyster you describe as your 'feeling.' Then you drag yourself through a self-made night, in a desperate quest for a nameless fire, moved by some fading vision of a dawn you had seen and lost.]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 08:13:40 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13220 http://curi.us/comments/show/13220
Anonymous Twin Studies Are Frauds
What are some approaches to do this if statistics are excluded?]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 02:24:03 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13219 http://curi.us/comments/show/13219
First question PA Open Discussion (2019)
I'm new here - found my way via following discussions about the Beginning of Infinity, Popper etc.

To start with: consider a (student) conference you has been invited to present at (after applying - thought it was a good idea at the time) but you are not very inspired (at all) by your work. The work is 'explanationless science'. It's a computer simulation of a situation that attempts to fit some kind of data.

However, the conference is the kind of thing that would 'look good on a resume' and the supervisor is a nice enough person. Is it worth continuing to force myself (I do struggle to put any effort in) to work on the project (which would be finished quite soon)? Or, is it irrational to do so? After finding these websites - most of the time I'd prefer to try and understand all this Philosophy instead.

Cheers!]]>
Mon, 05 Aug 2019 01:36:00 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13218 http://curi.us/comments/show/13218
Anonymous English Language, Analysis & Grammar
https://english.stackexchange.com/questions/112996/any-followed-by-singular-or-plural-countable-nouns

> [any] can modify either plural count nouns or singular mass nouns

Idk if that's right, but you can read more from that page and others if you are interested.

https://www.englishgrammar.org/time-countable-uncountable-noun/

> The word time has both countable and uncountable uses.

In this case, I think "time(s)" is count because you can say e.g. "I went fishing three times." This page agrees:

http://www.englishlanguageguide.com/grammar/count-noun.asp

> - How much time did it take for you to drive to school?.
> - Here, time is a **non-count noun**, because it refers to a category that contains smaller items (think of it as a "group" of minutes).
> - How many times did you take the test before you passed?.
> - Here, time is a **count noun**, because you can count exactly how many separate times you took the test.

We do also say e.g. "You may leave at any time." but in that case we're talking about leaving once, whereas the blog post deals with multiple times. The use of "times" is similar to "cases", e.g. "In any cases where...". "Case" could be singular there if you wanted to talk about one case, but it can also be plural if you want to talk about multiple cases, e.g. that you should do something in all the multiple cases where some condition holds.]]>
Sun, 04 Aug 2019 21:05:15 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13217 http://curi.us/comments/show/13217
Anonymous English Language, Analysis & Grammar
Do you have a reason?]]>
Sun, 04 Aug 2019 20:56:04 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13216 http://curi.us/comments/show/13216
"Any times" and "then" Alisa English Language, Analysis & Grammar
> Any times genes have an effect that people notice, then people will respond to it.

I think that "Any times" should be replaced by "Any time" or "Whenever".

I also think that "then people will" should be replaced with "people will". If the sentence started with "If" instead of "Any times", then the part after the comma would be grammatically correct as it stands.]]>
Sun, 04 Aug 2019 20:50:16 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13215 http://curi.us/comments/show/13215
re #13206 - not about science Anonymous Twin Studies Are Frauds
I remember my mom told me that when I was like 4 years old I was trying to cut my lashes because my teacher said she liked my lashes or something like that.

I explained this to my daughter and she said that it means I didn't want the attention.

Maybe I thought that long lashes meant I look like a girl and I didn't want to look like a girl.]]>
Sun, 04 Aug 2019 18:19:22 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13214 http://curi.us/comments/show/13214
curi Twin Studies Are Frauds
> genetic measures are likely endogenous to family environment, so one must be careful before assigning a causal interpretation to the gene-outcome gradients that we observe.

Earlier:

> 2.4 Interpretational Issues

> Several caveats apply to the interpretation of variation in polygenic scores, and correlations between polygenic scores and outcomes. First, it is difficult to assign a causal interpretation to the estimated relationship between the score and outcomes. In particular, variation in the polygenic score may reflect differences in environments or parental investments rather than differences in genetic factors across individuals.

They know what they are doing. They know their research doesn't work. They know what's wrong with it. They publish this stuff anyway and try to mislead the public. They are liars and frauds *on purpose*.

Why don't they take appropriate measures to deal with this problem? Because they can't. They have no idea how to. It's too hard. But rather than give up and do something they can actually do, they prefer to pretend they can do this.

---

The word "cause" is only in the paper once, in a title in a citation, and the word "causal" is only present twice (both quoted above).]]>
Sun, 04 Aug 2019 15:52:11 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13213 http://curi.us/comments/show/13213
Anonymous Twin Studies Are Frauds Sun, 04 Aug 2019 15:45:22 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13212 http://curi.us/comments/show/13212 Anonymous Twin Studies Are Frauds
> It's clear most tweets are from ppl who did not read our paper.

And he makes recurring complaints related to this like:

> Publicly available genetic data linked to large data sets means: we need to be extremely careful. We try to be. (Read our paper to see how!)

He also calls reading the "darn" paper a "low bar!".

This is disingenuous because *the paper is paywalled*. When you charge $20, you can't expect most of Twitter to buy it. You ought to expect comments from non-purchasers instead of suggesting those are unreasonable.

The paywall page *does not say how many pages the paper is*, and otherwise does a shitty job of providing pre-sales information. I'm guessing it's long enough (and written in a difficult style) that reading it is not a "low bar".]]>
Sun, 04 Aug 2019 15:40:32 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13211 http://curi.us/comments/show/13211
curi Twin Studies Are Frauds
You must try to explain what is causing X and Y to correlate so that you can determine first if it's a coincidence or not, and second you can know what kind of changes to the situation would affect it.]]>
Sun, 04 Aug 2019 15:34:50 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13210 http://curi.us/comments/show/13210
curi Twin Studies Are Frauds Sun, 04 Aug 2019 15:31:27 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13209 http://curi.us/comments/show/13209 curi Twin Studies Are Frauds
> We show that genetic endowments linked to educational attainment strongly and robustly predict wealth at retirement.

This assumes a static culture. It doesn’t show that those genes would be predictive in a different culture. Culture changes every day. To know which cultural changes are relevant requires conceptual understanding and analysis of causal mechanisms, *not* statistics. The paper, by ignoring causes (because they are harder than statistics) doesn’t even try to work on the important issues. This is typical of the field.

Found the paper via the author defending it on twitter. Sadly he indicates he's tired of wasting time replying to ignorant idiots who are just flaming – and indeed he has quoted someone who had nothing substantive to say – so I expect to be ignored. https://twitter.com/NWPapageorge/status/1157306414332878848]]>
Sun, 04 Aug 2019 15:29:57 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13208 http://curi.us/comments/show/13208
Dagny Twin Studies Are Frauds Sun, 04 Aug 2019 15:18:34 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13207 http://curi.us/comments/show/13207 Anonymous Twin Studies Are Frauds
That’s interesting. My mom said that she didn’t see me smile until 1 month old, which is when she learned that I have a dimple. And I always liked and excelled in math.]]>
Sun, 04 Aug 2019 14:38:48 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13206 http://curi.us/comments/show/13206
curi Alisa Discussion
Also note that many tests are subject-specific. They can apply to a field, like physics, or to a much more narrow area (like only applies to ideas about golden retrievers catching frisbees). So part of the process has to be evaluating *which* tests should be run for a particular idea (which are relevant).

When in doubt, run extra tests *if* they are designed to not fail when they can't deal with the input. But if your tests start flagging stuff as wrong that they don't understand, then you have to much more aggressively limit what tests get run, which is bad.]]>
Sun, 04 Aug 2019 14:03:28 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13205 http://curi.us/comments/show/13205
Anonymous Alisa Discussion Sat, 03 Aug 2019 21:40:47 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13204 http://curi.us/comments/show/13204 Example of a lie: hand soap at the kitchen sink Alisa Alisa Discussion
I count as a lie the statement of mine in which I said that I didn't have hand soap at my kitchen sink. I confidently made a false statement about something which I can be reasonably expected to speak accurately about. Even if I was unsure (and it's not clear that I was), I mis-represented my state of knowledge by speaking confidently.

When I lied, did I have any sense that I was lying? Did I have any indication that what I was saying was false, or that what I was saying merited more error-checking -- even a slight gut feeling? I don't know, but if so, I should have paid more attention to that sense or indication. It would have been far better to say nothing than to confidently say something false.

I suppose my lie could have been due, in part, to bias. There were a lot of convenient things in the person's house. I had been praising some of them. Maybe I wanted to praise more things. Maybe I thought that lying about the hand soap would be a good way to make headway towards that goal. If so, then maybe I could have prevented the lie by *noticing* my desire to praise things, *recognizing* that as a bias, and then *watching for* for the potential effects of that bias. I could have been extra careful about saying things that I would be biased to say.]]>
Sat, 03 Aug 2019 21:30:09 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13203 http://curi.us/comments/show/13203
Anonymous Mario Odyssey Discussion
You can finish the hat sequence quickly by throwing your cap at the hats. You don't have to jump on them. You can use the spin throw or the homing throw.]]>
Fri, 02 Aug 2019 19:57:46 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13202 http://curi.us/comments/show/13202
Typos Alisa Alisa Discussion
After figuring out what I wrote above, it's a given for me that I need to find a way to reliably say things without being inaccurate or otherwise lying. I think that typos matter too, but in a different way than factual inaccuracies. From the Hell's Kitchen perspective: every factual inaccuracy is like a major problem with a dish, but so long as the true meaning of the text can be easily understood, a typo is more like a tiny defect.

In different situations there will be different expectations for what counts as reasonable typo-prevention efforts. For example, in a book, there basically should never be a typo, but in IMs that are clearly being sent off-the-cuff, occasional typos are okay. At work, it would be helpful for me to be able to generate typo-free text, so I am interested to find a trustworthy process for that.

My current best process for generating typo-free text is to check for misspelled words highlighted in red, and use TTS to listen to what I wrote.

> that they were giving *me him* reliable info

TTS should have caught that mistake. The issue here was that I didn't listen to my message #13198 before sending it. At this point, for me, sending a message that I haven't listened to is dishonest, because I've previously stated my intention to use TTS as part of my error-checking process [https://bitbucket.org/petrogradphilosopher/fi/src/default/pf.md]. I need to either follow through with that or retract my claim.

> Being in accurate

That mistake would be hard to catch with my current process.]]>
Fri, 02 Aug 2019 14:18:24 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13201 http://curi.us/comments/show/13201
Anonymous Open Discussion (2019)
1) govts already tolerate medical tourism. Hosting Medical Tourism is not similar to running something super criminal where they might plausibly send the Navy out against u

2) people already travel big distances for tourism. Seasteading could offer shorter trips and thus have big competitive advantage

3) enabling medical tourism fits well with values of ppl into seasteading

4) medical services are a high value item that is heavily regulated and thus costs way more than it should. So the potential margins in this area could justify the expense of building a floating hospital 🏥 🚣‍♀️]]>
Fri, 02 Aug 2019 05:10:07 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13200 http://curi.us/comments/show/13200
Anonymous Alisa Discussion
> Being in accurate

Typos. Content makes sense.]]>
Thu, 01 Aug 2019 23:11:06 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13199 http://curi.us/comments/show/13199
On lying and being inaccurate Alisa Alisa Discussion
When you make an assertion without doing adequate unit testing, error checking, or cross-checking, you are saying that you know something which you do not in fact know. Being in accurate in this way is a form of lying. It’s misrepresenting your state of knowledge, like a waiter who says that a dish doesn't contain some allergen when in fact he doesn't know or hasn't done adequate due diligence.

Big picture: people need to be able to trust what you say, and you can't be trusted if you don't adequately error check what you say.]]>
Thu, 01 Aug 2019 21:15:06 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13198 http://curi.us/comments/show/13198
bizzap Programming Discussion Thu, 01 Aug 2019 19:54:17 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13197 http://curi.us/comments/show/13197 curi Programming Discussion Thu, 01 Aug 2019 10:42:03 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13196 http://curi.us/comments/show/13196 N Programming Discussion Since most of what I will be doing is considered small projects, Ruby it shall be.

Btw, why never use PHP? It seems to be the most popular framework:
https://www.similartech.com/categories/framework]]>
Thu, 01 Aug 2019 10:35:44 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13195 http://curi.us/comments/show/13195
curi Programming Discussion
I'm told that Clojure is a good option for a modern lisp, though I haven't used it because I don't do a lot of coding lately.

The larger the project, the more important it is to use a language that is fundamentally better. Ruby is usually fine for small projects and is better than e.g. C++ or Java for most larger projects, but it's not ideal. For a really complicated project, the best language would be a lisp or something else with something fundamentally good about it. Ruby and Python (and Swift, Javascript, Perl, PHP, Lua, etc.), don't really have fundamental advantages (unless you compare to lower level languages like C or Java), they're just pretty convenient for small stuff (except PHP, don't ever use PHP).

Also, in the longer run, it's not important to learn programming using the same language you would do a project in. That's only a shorter term benefit. Once you're good at coding, learning new languages is easy unless they have major stuff that your previous language(s) lacked (in other words, if they have stuff you haven't yet learned about – then you'd have to learn more, but learning to do the same stuff you already do with a different language is generally easy).]]>
Thu, 01 Aug 2019 10:22:20 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13194 http://curi.us/comments/show/13194
N Programming Discussion Thu, 01 Aug 2019 10:07:57 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13193 http://curi.us/comments/show/13193 Math N Submit Podcast Questions Thu, 01 Aug 2019 01:52:20 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13192 http://curi.us/comments/show/13192 N Programming Discussion
My reason for doing this is that I always run in to the constraint of not having good enough coders (or any at all) for my projects. Now I want to learn myself since it also helps in my other long term goal of learning philosophy.

If you are new to coding as I am (I had some failed attempts with Python before), the above is a good way.

Curi, if you have written and / or made any video on anything on how to better learn to code please do let me know.]]>
Thu, 01 Aug 2019 00:40:58 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13191 http://curi.us/comments/show/13191
Calculating the number of 6-digit sequences in which each digit occurs at most 2 times Josh Jordan Open Discussion (2019)
> Suppose u have 6 digit number generator, and it won't permit more than 2 of the same number within the 6 digit sequence. How do u figure out how many sequences are permitted?

I answered this question at http://mathb.in/35403

(Note: my answer is long, unclear in places, and more complicated than I would like. It may also contain false statements.)]]>
Wed, 31 Jul 2019 21:04:09 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13190 http://curi.us/comments/show/13190
Anonymous Open Letter to Charles Tew
Good parody of Tew.]]>
Wed, 31 Jul 2019 14:53:11 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13189 http://curi.us/comments/show/13189
Anonymous RSS Feed Wed, 31 Jul 2019 09:24:48 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13188 http://curi.us/comments/show/13188 speedrunning Cap/Cascade kingdoms - timed run #11 7:15 GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
Today I did a timed run and got a new PR of 7:14. Here's what I noted:

- "Dino skip". got it on the first try. I thought I wasn't going to make it. Mario touched the plateau's horizontal edge like 5 or 6 Mario-lengths under the top of the plateau and somehow that initiated the boss fight.

- re getting the moon on the plateau. I did something I've never done before. As I was getting the moon, I was also jumping, expecting to get the moon and get a bunch of horizontal distance towards the odyssey. but I missed the moon. at this point I wasn't in a position to return back to the plateau and instead I fell all the way down and had to get back up. I lost a lot of time.

PS. My kid's PR is 6:56, so she's beating me now.

PPS. I asked her to watch me and tell me what I'm doing wrong. one thing she said was that I'm slow at skipping the cut scenes.]]>
Wed, 31 Jul 2019 03:40:07 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13187 http://curi.us/comments/show/13187
curi RSS Feed Tue, 30 Jul 2019 23:59:21 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13186 http://curi.us/comments/show/13186 Anonymous Mario Odyssey Discussion Tue, 30 Jul 2019 23:55:25 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13185 http://curi.us/comments/show/13185 curi Mario Odyssey Discussion
I'm not sure exactly where, I think it came up on and off, there's some stuff around 72min. One thing I suggested was watching Games Done Quick to see a variety of games and see what you like.]]>
Tue, 30 Jul 2019 23:22:43 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13184 http://curi.us/comments/show/13184
N Mario Odyssey Discussion Tue, 30 Jul 2019 22:23:12 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13183 http://curi.us/comments/show/13183 Error in #13154 Josh Jordan Submit Podcast Questions
I posted #13154 on this page ("Submit Podcast Questions") because [Google listed this page as the first result for "rent control" on the site curi.us](https://www.google.com/search?q="rent+control"+site%3Acuri.us). However, at that time, "rent control" was only mentioned in one comment: #12903. So posting #13154 without referencing #12903 was confusing.]]>
Tue, 30 Jul 2019 20:37:49 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13182 http://curi.us/comments/show/13182
curi Rationally Resolving Conflicts of Ideas
I already read that. No. Talking about plural *means* with the singular word *mean* does not make sense. And that page just never really explains what it's talking about.

An example of a page which has a more reasonable explanation is https://bolt.mph.ufl.edu/6050-6052/module-9/sampling-distribution-of-x-bar/ I hope you can see the difference.

To be clear, the issue is not whether I understand Central Limit Theorem (CLT) or CLT makes sense to me. It's that particular explanations of CLT are bad and do not make sense even though I already know what CLT says.

Do you believe CLT has any exceptions?

(I'm still very busy FYI.)]]>
Tue, 30 Jul 2019 17:16:52 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13181 http://curi.us/comments/show/13181
curi Critical Rationalism Epistemology Explanations
> We seek out criticisms to our guess and look for methods to falsify it. If we falsify the guess then we guess something different and repeat. If we fail to falsify the guess, we accept it but only tentatively.

In CR, the term "falsify" commonly refers to *empirical* refutation only. To avoid ambiguity and miscommunication, it's best to avoid the term (alone) entirely, and use "empirically falsify". And use something else like "criticize" or "refute" to speak generically.

> According to Popper, we can disprove a theory but never fully prove it.

You can't *fully* disprove a theory. Your criticism could be wrong.]]>
Tue, 30 Jul 2019 17:08:13 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13180 http://curi.us/comments/show/13180
N Open Discussion (2019) Tue, 30 Jul 2019 12:45:58 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13179 http://curi.us/comments/show/13179 curi English Language, Analysis & Grammar
Examples: "John *and* Sue went to the park." "I went shopping *after* I got paid."

A "relative pronoun" is a common type of "subordinator": it allows a *non-separate* (nested) clause to exist in the sentence and determines its function (typically a modifier).

Example: "John, *who* is tall, went to the park."

The clause "who is tall" is *inside* the main clause as a modifier for John. It's functioning as an adjective just like "*Tall* John went to the park."

The word "that" is particularly tricky. Consider:

> The ball *that* John likes is actually mine.

Here, "that" is a relative pronoun. It does two jobs. It subordinates the internal clause "that John likes" and it also is a pronoun referring to "ball" and acting as the object of "likes".

> I think *that* John is wise.

Here "that" is a direct object of "think". Because "that" is part of the first clause ("I think that"), it isn't a conjunction. And it's not a relative pronoun because it's not used in the second clause ("John is wise" is complete without the "that"). It has two roles. It's a subordinator which introduces, allows or governs the "John is wise" clause (you can't just throw extra clauses into sentences for no reason, although people do often say "I think John is wise" and leave the "that" implied.) And the word "that" refers to the text "John is wise" – it's like a pronoun except but it can refer to a clause (or in other cases even a paragraph or more) rather than just something simpler like a noun phrase. "That" functions as a noun and refers to "John is wise" as a noun. How can "John is wise" be a noun? Because it's being referred to as a concept, a thought, or some *thing* like that.

The only way you could think "that" was a conjunction is if you view "think" as intransitive (a verb with no object or complement) and say the two separate clauses are "I think" and "John is wise" and then "that" is a conjunction to join them. I think that's a bad idea because the meaning of the sentence is equivalent to:

> John is wise; I think that.

This makes it easy to see what "that" refers to, what words go with what clauses, and how "that" works like a pronoun. I think this shows that "that" plays the role of direct object for "think".

The semi-colon is similar to the subordinator role of "that". With this word order, "that" no longer has its role of introducing the "John is wise" clause, so something is needed to allow both clauses to exist in the same sentence, and a semi-colon is a minimal way of doing that.

Conjunctions can't be left on the end with a re-ordering like that because they don't fit within the clause they are next to. E.g. you can't change:

> I like Macs and I like iPhones.

to

> I like iPhones; I like Macs and.

or to

> And I like iPhones; I like Macs.

(Those take the original sentence and move the last 3 or 4 words, in order, from the end to the beginning. They aren't doing rearrangement in general, they are just attempts to swap to divide the sentence into two clauses and swap the order. They don't work because "and" is not part of either clause.)

When you replace a conjunction with a semi-colon, whether you reorder the clauses or not, you need to delete the conjunction. But in the sentence about John's thinking, "that" doesn't need to be deleting because it's not a conjunction.

A semi-colon functions similarly to a conjunction and you don't need two conjunctions (specifically it's most similar to the word "and"). A semi-colon is also similar to a period, which is a different way of separating clauses. The purpose of a conjunction is to join clauses more closely together than a period does and also to give some information about the relationship between the clauses. ("And" is the most generic conjunction, the most neutral, and so the most similar to a period.)]]>
Tue, 30 Jul 2019 11:12:55 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13178 http://curi.us/comments/show/13178
curi Open Discussion (2019)
And in Finder use the Go menu and Go To Folder.

Or in terminal:

*pwd* shows current path
*open X* opens path X in finder if X is a folder (it can also open files)
*cd X* changes to path X
*open .* opens the current path (the single dot means current path)]]>
Tue, 30 Jul 2019 09:02:23 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13177 http://curi.us/comments/show/13177
curi Open Discussion (2019)
https://www.twitlonger.com/show/n_1sqvcip]]>
Tue, 30 Jul 2019 09:00:48 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13176 http://curi.us/comments/show/13176
N Open Discussion (2019) As I couldn't find any dedicated discussion thread for coding and it is 2019 I'm posting here.

I use MacOS Mojave.
Right away I ran into a problem. Super basic. After installing Homebrew I can't find nor access /usr/local . In terminal it says that is the path, but from folder I can't find such a place. My OS is running in Swedish. Is that messing things up? If that is the case, how come the path in terminal says "/usr/local ..."?
In short: I can't find the installed files.]]>
Tue, 30 Jul 2019 08:22:27 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13175 http://curi.us/comments/show/13175
N Communists Didn't Mean Well - Ayn Rand

"Philosophical Detection,"
Philosophy: Who Needs It (http://aynrandlexicon.com/lexicon/certainty.html)]]>
Tue, 30 Jul 2019 07:58:43 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13174 http://curi.us/comments/show/13174
more practice in the Cascade kingdom GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
- starting in front of the odyssey, go left to get on top of the plateau where the moon is/would be.

- go back to the front of the odyssey. start the process of getting up to the cascade boss. (so, getting up to the plateau where the Dino is, then "Dino skip".)

Next time I'll do a timed run and then repeat this cycle a bunch of times for practice.]]>
Tue, 30 Jul 2019 05:38:52 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13173 http://curi.us/comments/show/13173
speedrunning Cap/Cascade kingdoms - timed run #10 7:30 GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
- re cap kingdom boss. still can't jump on the right hat.

- re "Dino skip". I missed the trampoline the first time but got it on the 2nd time around. I also messed up on the trampoline jump too and didn't make it to the plateau to the boss.

- re jumping on the plateau to get the moon. again I messed up, but not for being distracted by the Chain Chomp. I was too close to the plateau and hit it instead of getting on top. had to back flip, wall jump, dive to recover.

- re cascade kingdom boss. I got hit a couple of times. one instance was when I was trying to take control of the Chain Chomp before he rushed me. I wasn't close enough so my cappy didn't take control. the second instance of getting hit was when I took control of the Chain Chomp but i let the boss hit me, not sure why. I guess it was because I was near the perimeter of the boss area and didn't know what to do.

PS. my kid's PR is 7:40.]]>
Tue, 30 Jul 2019 04:55:10 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13172 http://curi.us/comments/show/13172
Unit testing knowledge Alisa Alisa Discussion Mon, 29 Jul 2019 20:16:24 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13171 http://curi.us/comments/show/13171 curi Open Discussion (2019)
They change IPs, user agents and URLs so it's tricky to filter. I can set up some rate limiting in nginx and see if that helps. I can also try to match their URLs with some regular expression because they go to URLs no valid users go to and there are some patterns. I'm still busy and will do this later if the attack is still going. If it works well enough, I can disable the Cloudflare under attack mode. I tried disabling the Cloudflare protection a couple days ago but the attack was still happening.

I toned down the Captcha settings. It's the page where you wait a couple seconds, but don't have to do anything, which I believe solved the problem for now.

This is a rails 2.3 site using nginx and passenger. It's on a Linode (Debian server) with memory for 7 instances of passenger for this site. There are lots of pages that take a few seconds to load, e.g. pages with 100+ comments. I consider that acceptable re user experience, but if those pages get spammed and caching doesn't help then it can use up all the available rails processes. (Rails 2.3 processes serve one request at a time.)]]>
Mon, 29 Jul 2019 13:15:16 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13170 http://curi.us/comments/show/13170
speedrunning Cap/Cascade kingdoms - timed run #8 7:29 and #9 7:14 GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
- re cap kingdom boss. I failed to jump on the correct hat. But I figured out that I've been jumping too early. I'm gonna wait a little bit longer next time.

- re "dino skip". I messed up by not getting the Dino's left foot to hit the trampoline (so I didn't get launched up). After the run I practiced this a bunch. I now have a much better idea of exactly where the Dino needs to be before I take a step with the Dino's left foot onto the trampoline.

- re jumping up to the plateau to get the moon. I've been messing this up a lot so I practiced it, analyzed it, and figured out what I need to do. The start of this is after beating the cascade boss and Mario starts out right in front of the odyssey. Here's what I have to do:

1. I move left (just to get some momentum)
2. immediately do a long jump
3. immediately do a regular jump (while still on the lower ground level)
4. continue to do the 2nd and 3rd jump of the triple jump (while on the higher ground level) (the 3rd jump clears the Chain Chomp that rushes me)
5. then do an arial cap jump

I did another timed run and got 7:14. During this run, here’s what I noted:

- re cap kingdom boss. I waited too long or something. I didn’t jump on the correct green hat to end the 3-hat sequence.

- re getting up to the plateau to get the Dino. I messed up on my first try. Then I did the backflip, wall jump, arial cap jump, dive, to get on the plateau. I lost very little time by recovering this way.

- Re “Dino skip”. I messed up getting the Dino’s left foot to hit the trampoline. I got it right on the 2nd try.

- Re jumping on the plateau to get the moon. I did something wrong and didn’t make it up to the plateau (at that point the Chain Chomp smashed the rocks, revealing the pipe - so I went through the pipe to get to the moon). I’m not sure what I did wrong. I think I got distracted by the Chain Chomp coming at me. I should not be distracted by it though cuz if I do things right then I’ll clear right over him.

- Re cascade kingdom boss. I got hit a couple of times. So I lost some time due to this. i still did it pretty fast compared to previous times.

I think I still have lots of room for improvement that won’t require much more skill than I have now.]]>
Mon, 29 Jul 2019 12:10:16 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13169 http://curi.us/comments/show/13169
free MDZ free music download zone I Made New Videos Mon, 29 Jul 2019 05:59:00 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13168 http://curi.us/comments/show/13168 speedrunning Cap/Cascade kingdoms - timed run #7 7:34 GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
- re cap kingdom boss. I failed to jump on the correct hat.

- re "Dino skip". I messed up jumping on the trampoline once. Got it the 2nd time or 3rd time around. Then I failed to jump off the Dino at the right time, but I got it on the 2nd time. I prolly lost 30 seconds.

My kid and I are competing for this now. On her first timed run, she got just above what I got on my first timed run of 9:17. And she's played the game (both the regular playing and speed running practice) waaaaay less than I have.]]>
Mon, 29 Jul 2019 05:22:13 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13167 http://curi.us/comments/show/13167
speedrunning Cap/Cascade kingdoms - timed run #6 GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
- re cap kingdom boss. I failed to jump on the correct hat.

- re getting up to the plateau to get the Dino. I got it on the first try. Later I messed up the run and went back to this place to try to get onto the plateau using a wall jump. I did this because I saw it's a way to get up there if you fail using the first method. The first method is a triple jump and arial cap jump and dive. If that fails, then instead of retrying to do that, I do a backflip then wall jump then dive.

- re "Dino skip". this is where I lost so much time that I stopped timing myself. I tried like 6 times before I was able to get upto the boss area. I figured out one thing I was doing wrong. I was jumping off of the Dino too early, resulting in not being close enough to the plateau where the boss is.

- re cascade kingdom boss. I did smallant's advanced move of hitting the Chain Chomp with cappy and then taking control of him before he rushes me.

This is getting more and more fun.]]>
Mon, 29 Jul 2019 04:48:39 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13166 http://curi.us/comments/show/13166
more practice up to end of Cascade kingdom GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
- re getting up to the plateau to get the Dino. success on 1st try.

- re "Dino skip". took 2 tries.

- re cascade kingdom boss. I did pretty good, accept for not yet using small ant's advanced move of taking control of the Chain Chomp before it rushes me.

I should have timed this one. I did awesome compared to all previous runs.]]>
Sun, 28 Jul 2019 21:31:38 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13165 http://curi.us/comments/show/13165
Volvo ad features gay male couple in U.S.A., straight couple in Poland Frisco Open Discussion (2019)
Volvo made at least two different versions of an ad. The version shown in America features a gay male couple holding hands beside a girl who is riding in a toy car. The version shown in Poland features a straight couple holding hands beside a boy who is riding in a toy car.

Source: http://www.informationliberation.com/?id=60175]]>
Sun, 28 Jul 2019 18:01:53 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13164 http://curi.us/comments/show/13164
more practice up to end of Cascade kingdom GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
- re getting up to the plateau to get the Dino. It took a few tries. I failed to get a triple jump and I know why now. when I jump from the lower surface that is flush with the top of the odyssey, and then land onto the higher surface (which is when I'm supposed to do the 2nd jump of the triple jump), I got too much forward movement when landing, resulting in ending the triple jump possibility.

- re "Dino skip". took a few tries. it's time to watch a video about this. so I watched this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rGhZkBPNSKg. I tried it a few times. Seems to work very consistently. That's going to save a bunch of time.

- re cascade kingdom boss. I figured out how to get the boss to not chase me while I have control of the Chain Chomp. That saves some time. I still don't use smallant's advance move of taking control of the Chain Chomp before it rushes me.]]>
Sun, 28 Jul 2019 07:31:33 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13163 http://curi.us/comments/show/13163
practicing problematic parts up to end of Cascade kingdom GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
- re cap kingdom boss. I succeeded at jumping on the main green hat of the 3 hats, resulting in ending the 3-hat sequence practically before it started. this saved a lot of time.

- re getting up to the plateau. I messed up a few times instead of getting it right the first time. I think I just need more practice.

- re "Dino skip". I had to circle around like 3 times before getting the jump from the trampoline. I'm not sure what I did different than before.]]>
Sun, 28 Jul 2019 06:56:15 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13162 http://curi.us/comments/show/13162
kieren Rationally Resolving Conflicts of Ideas
> You have not explained how it makes sense and the quote you give does not explain how it makes sense. A mean of (a trait of) a sample is a single number. A single number does not have a distribution.

You should read the first paragraph of the page I linked. Does it make sense then?]]>
Sun, 28 Jul 2019 04:58:34 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13161 http://curi.us/comments/show/13161
curi Rationally Resolving Conflicts of Ideas
You have not explained how it makes sense and the quote you give does not explain how it makes sense. A mean of (a trait of) a sample is a single number. A single number does not have a distribution.]]>
Sun, 28 Jul 2019 02:27:18 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13160 http://curi.us/comments/show/13160
keiren Rationally Resolving Conflicts of Ideas
> I misread it. But I think it doesn't make sense. I read it without the word "mean". I read "... the distribution of the sample approaches normality ..."

> It doesn't make sense with the word "mean" after "sample" because means don't have or approach normality. I expected the word "normality" to be related to the normal distribution which had been part of the discussion.

> Similarly, the text "the distribution of" only makes sense if talking about the sample, not the sample mean. A sample, but not a mean, has a distribution.

> So there were two textual indicators to indicate it'd be talking about the sample, not the sample mean. But I see now that it says sample mean. Maybe it's a typo and you actually meant what I misread, or maybe something else is going on, let me know.

It’s not a typo. “The distribution of the sample mean” *does* make sense.

See http://www.stat.yale.edu/Courses/1997-98/101/sampmn.htm for example.
>>The most important result about sample means is the Central Limit Theorem. Simply stated, this theorem says that for a large enough sample size n, the distribution of the sample mean 𝒙 will approach a normal distribution. This is true for a sample of independent random variables from any population distribution, as long as the population has a finite standard deviation 𝛔.

>>> If you cannot find a disproof, will you admit you have much less skill at these topics than I do?

I didn’t find this question very helpful by the way. I don’t care who has the most skill. I’m interested in our ideas. I hope we are on the same page.

> ---

>> The form of the argument is:

>> 1) 90% of X have Y.

>> 2) is a randomly selected X.

>> 3) Therefore, there is a 90% chance Z has Y

> I assume that (2) is meant to begin with "Z".

Yeah, my bad.

> This does not fit a standard deductive pattern. It introduces non-standard terms outside of variables. Standard terms are things like "all", "are" or "therefore". Can you provide a reference to material on logic which gives this form? Here are some standard deductive forms so you can see what they are like: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syllogism (Barbara, Celarent, etc., are deductive forms, but you aren't using any of those)

> Substantive, non-standard terms that you've used are "90%", "randomly selected", and "chance". Deduction is supposed to be based on *minimal axioms and logic* (e.g. our understanding of "some" or "not"), not based on a pre-existing, complex knowledge of random sampling and probability. That way, the correctness of deductive conclusions depends only on very minimal assumptions, not on e.g. the correctness of one's beliefs about random sampling. (It's like how the correctness of the standard syllogism about Socrates does not depend on our understanding of mortality. That's one of the main points of it.)

Peirce calls this sort of deduction a ‘statistical deduction’. It is a necessary inference where the subject matter is probabilities. Maybe it is clearer if I break it into two deductions.

1) The probability of obtaining (through random sampling) an A from a set is equal to the proportion of A’s within that set.
2) The proportion of X’s that have Y is 90%.
3) Therefore, the probability of a randomly sampled X having Y is 90%.

1) The probability of a randomly sampled X having Y is 90%
2) Z is a randomly selected X.
3) Therefore, Z has a 90% probability of having Y.

The mark of a deduction is that the conclusion necessarily follows from its premises (if they are true). We see this in both of the above deductions. I think they are both cases of Barbara and we could be more explicit in showing this, but we can skip this exercise if you can see them as deductions in their current form.

I’ve had a look back on chapter 7 in FoR.
>”But of course, the premise of all this, namely that your theory is taken for granted and embodied in the prevailing language, is preposterous. Theory or no theory, language or no language, in reality no rational person would entertain the possibility of such a glaring physical anomaly without there being a very powerful explanation in its favour.”

It is comments like these which are convincing for David’s crypto-inductivist opponent, but which don’t convince me. He makes a common sense argument that theories which postulate anomalies are irrational for us to accept. He is right about this. It would be irrational for us to accept the floater theory over the standard theory of gravity. David says it is irrational because we have no explanation in its favour. I don’t like this reasoning because surely we could always come up with an arbitrary explanation as to why David will float. Theories that postulate anomalies aren't all necessarily explanationless. Also, an “explanation in its favour” hints at some kind of requirement for justification. Maybe David only has in mind those explanations which he refers to as “good” explanations, but then this begs the question of what makes an explanation “good”, and does a “good” explanation rely on inductive support or not.

Maybe you can clarify some of chapter 7 for me? Is there a quote that you think is convincing?]]>
Sat, 27 Jul 2019 23:58:31 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13159 http://curi.us/comments/show/13159
Mistake in my last comment GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
this part is wrong:

> - re getting on the plateau to get the Dino. it took only one try again. I think I licked it. what I've been doing different than before is making sure to stop and fully rotate the Dino so I'm facing directly at the trampoline before starting to move towards it.

I meant this instead:

- re getting on the plateau. it took just one try.

- re the "Dino skip". it took only one try again. I think I licked it. what I've been doing different than before is making sure to stop and fully rotate the Dino so I'm facing directly at the trampoline before starting to move towards it.]]>
Sat, 27 Jul 2019 06:46:06 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13158 http://curi.us/comments/show/13158
speedrunning Cap/Cascade kingdoms - timed run #5 7:42 GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
Here are my notes:

- re cap kingdom boss. same thing. I don't know how to jump on the right hat to end the 3 hat sequence practically before it starts. I maybe try to optimize this later by looking up details on specifically this boss.

- re getting on the plateau to get the Dino. it took only one try again. I think I licked it. what I've been doing different than before is making sure to stop and fully rotate the Dino so I'm facing directly at the trampoline before starting to move towards it.

- re the cascade kingdom boss. easy peasy since I avoided doing smallant's advanced move.

- I made lots of mistakes that I did not make on all previous runs. I expect that as I do more runs I'll avoid these mistakes and get a much better time.

I kinda wanna keep doing this part of the run instead of continuing to the rest of the kingdoms. I want to see how close I can get to 5:34 (the WR time upto the point where the kingdom switcher screen comes up).]]>
Sat, 27 Jul 2019 06:44:08 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13157 http://curi.us/comments/show/13157
speedrunning Cap/Cascade kingdoms - timed run #4 GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
Here are my notes:

- re cap kingdom boss. sorta the same as last time. I did not jump on the correct green hat (actually I missed all of the hats when I tried to jump on one of them).

- re getting on the plateau to get the Dino. it took only one try. previous runs took 4 to 5 tries.

- re the "Dino skip". it worked on the first try. previous runs took 2 to 5 tries.

- re the cascade kingdom boss. I wasn't trying to do anything advanced, but I did so inadvertently. Part of the problem was that I forgot what things caused me to die in previous runs. What I should do is let the Chain Chomp pass me (instead of trying to take control of him before he rushes me like smallant does), and then take control of him. I need to be in position after he passes me so that my cap throw can reach him.

I'm going to do this again part of the run instead of moving forward with the rest.]]>
Sat, 27 Jul 2019 06:26:28 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13156 http://curi.us/comments/show/13156
Dagny Open Discussion (2019) Fri, 26 Jul 2019 19:01:34 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13155 http://curi.us/comments/show/13155 False beliefs about rent control Josh Jordan Submit Podcast Questions
## False belief about rent control #1

*False belief*: In almost every place in the U.S., there's a maximum amount by which the landlord can raise the rent on an existing tenant (though that limit may be high, e.g. 100%).

[Wikipedia says](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rent_control_in_the_United_States):

> As of 2018, four states (California, New York, New Jersey, and Maryland) and the District of Columbia have localities in which some form of residential rent control is in effect...

So the other 46 states have no form of residential rent control. In those states, landlords can raise rents as much as they like, provided they're not doing so for an illegal reason such as racial discrimination or retaliation.

## False belief about rent control #2

*False belief*: Say there's a legal limit on how much a landlord can raise the rent on an existing tenant. And say that limit is much higher than what the market would bear. For example, say the legal limit is 100%, but supply and demand pushes rents up by only 2% annually. Then that limit is *not* what is commonly referred to as rent control.

Also, I falsely believed that even if the legal limit mentioned above was *technically* considered rent control, people would not commonly refer to it as such.

[Wikipedia says](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rent_control_in_the_United_States):

> Rent control in the United States refers to laws or ordinances that set price controls on the renting of American residential housing. They function as a price ceiling.

## False belief about rent control #3

*False belief*: I had never lived in a unit which had rent control.

I had in fact lived in a jurisdiction in which rent increases were limited to approximately 3% annually.]]>
Fri, 26 Jul 2019 11:25:18 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13154 http://curi.us/comments/show/13154
Podcast rss not working for me Anonymous RSS Feed
I used https://curi.us/podcast.rss to find the feed but Feedly says it can't find it.

I did the exact same process with curi blog (https://curi.us/rss) and curi comments (https://curi.us/comments/rss), which worked fine.

Any ideas?]]>
Fri, 26 Jul 2019 07:33:51 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13153 http://curi.us/comments/show/13153
speedrunning Cap/Cascade kingdoms - timed run #3 8:23 GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
Here are my notes:

- re cap kingdom boss. I didn't do any better than last time. I still failed to jump on the correct green hat.

- re getting on the plateau to get the dinosaur, it took only 2 tries to get up there as opposed to about 4 on all previous runs.

- re the "dino skip", I tried like 5 times before getting the jump from the trampoline. on my first timed run, I got it in 2 tries. I don't know what I'm doing wrong. I guess the left foot of the Dino needs to touch the trampoline and I guess that that didn't happen on my first 4 tries. it seems like a very hard thing to get right.

- re cascade kingdom boss. I'm doing it so slow compared to the smallant beginner video. I intentionally tried not to do what smallant did so that I don't die. what he does is too risky for me.

I think I'm going to move on to the rest of the speed run.]]>
Fri, 26 Jul 2019 02:48:12 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13152 http://curi.us/comments/show/13152
Anonymous Open Discussion (2019) Fri, 26 Jul 2019 00:53:41 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13151 http://curi.us/comments/show/13151 curi Open Discussion (2019) Thu, 25 Jul 2019 18:03:10 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13150 http://curi.us/comments/show/13150 DDoS Attack Anonymous Open Discussion (2019) Thu, 25 Jul 2019 16:51:42 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13149 http://curi.us/comments/show/13149 Cosmopolitan and Helen Gurley Brown Frisco First Date Opener
Article about *Cosmopolitan* and Helen Gurley Brown, who was that magazine’s editor-in-chief for 32 years. Brown talks about how *Cosmopolitan* aims to be a self-help magazine for women. For example, she says:

> “... We are all the things we’ve been talking about—onward, upward, be it, do it, get out of your morass, meet some new men, don’t accept, don’t be a slob, be everything you’re capable of. If you’re a little mouseburger, come with me. I was a mouseburger and I will help you. You’re so much more wonderful than you think. Cosmopolitan is shot full of this stuff although outsiders don’t realize it. It is, in its way, an inspirational magazine.”

(The article also implies that *Cosmopolitan*’s readers are low-status.)]]>
Thu, 25 Jul 2019 12:20:06 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13148 http://curi.us/comments/show/13148
curi Open Discussion (2019) Thu, 25 Jul 2019 11:09:26 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13147 http://curi.us/comments/show/13147 curi Open Discussion (2019)
[10:56 AM] curi: Not sure what the situation with food is. I think having food you like, when you want it, is important. One important part of that is being able to control portions, and stop eating when you're no longer hungry, knowing you can get more whenever you're hungry again later. I think eating more when not currently hungry is one of the major common food mistakes in developed countries (ppl often eat typical portions at typical mealtimes, habitually or b/c of someone else's decision, rather than b/c they are that hungry). FYI I think "healthy" eating is overrated and lots of nutrition advice (e.g. to improve energy levels) is just fads, not real science. People look too much for non-intellectual stuff to blame their problems on. Sleep problems have a much more direct effect on intellectual stuff.
[10:57 AM] curi: A lot of sleep issues are, IMO, related to having a schedule – e.g. working 9-5 or going to university classes at a particular time. Unfortunately few lifestyles can avoid that stuff. So you have to manage your sleep around your schedule instead of just sleeping when tired enough to fall asleep quickly and then sleeping as long as needed.
[11:00 AM] curi: Another big issue with food is restrictions forced on kids, so they are deprived of foods they want. This often leads to binging when the person gains more freedom later, and to being irrational about that food. Also forcing kids to eat particular foods, when they don't want to, can lead to hating that food.
[11:01 AM] curi: i think restrictions on sugar, e.g. candy and pop, is a major contributor to their popularity.
[11:02 AM] curi: and there is a lot of pressure to self-impose similar restrictions for adults.
[11:02 AM] curi: (or sometimes one's wife imposes them)]]>
Thu, 25 Jul 2019 11:05:49 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13146 http://curi.us/comments/show/13146
speedrunning Cap/Cascade kingdoms - timed run #2 GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
- for the cap kingdom boss, I noticed that after the first hit on the boss, smallant jumps onto 1 of the 3 green hats, ending the 3 hat sequence practically before it starts. When I tried it, I must have jumped on the wrong hat because the hat sequence did not end. It took a while before I could stop the hat and jump on it.

- re getting onto the plateau to get the dinosaur, it still took me like 4 times to get it done (both on the untimed run and the timed run).

- for the cascade kingdom boss: on my untimed run I tried to follow smallant's example. I did it a bit faster but no where as fast as smallant. on my timed run I died. that lost a lot of time.

I ended the run instead of continuing.]]>
Thu, 25 Jul 2019 07:48:37 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13145 http://curi.us/comments/show/13145
Status Update Anne B Anne Discussion Thu, 25 Jul 2019 06:28:35 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13144 http://curi.us/comments/show/13144 Comparing my time to the best GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
[1] https://www.speedrun.com/smo/run/z0156oey

I'm going to spend some time optimizing each of the 3 things I mentioned in #13142 before I continue to the other kingdoms.]]>
Thu, 25 Jul 2019 05:31:59 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13143 http://curi.us/comments/show/13143
speedrunning Cap/Cascade kingdoms - timed run #1 9:17 GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
There were 3 things that I lost a lot of time on:

- beating the cap kingdom boss.

- getting up to the plateau where the dinosaur is. I tried 5 times before I was able to do it.

- beating the cascade kingdom boss.]]>
Thu, 25 Jul 2019 05:15:11 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13142 http://curi.us/comments/show/13142
Siblings turning out so different Anonymous Open Discussion (2019)
My brother told me of something that happened 20 years ago that I was involved in. I didn't remember at all. Even after he told me about it I don't remember it. He said that our mom was talking about possibly divorcing our dad. He said that he had said that he didn't want our parents to divorce because he didn't want divorced parents. He then said that I had replied to him saying that mom should divorce since she's not happy with the marriage. So I had thought that my mom should be selfish and my brother had wanted mom to sacrifice for his benefit (we didn't know these things in these terms, I expect that my brother still doesn't). Now my brother is on my side on the idea of divorcing if you're not happy with your marriage, despite the downside of the children having to deal with their parents being divorced.]]>
Thu, 25 Jul 2019 03:43:40 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13141 http://curi.us/comments/show/13141
speedrunning Cap/Cascade kingdoms - learning the path GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
- I didn't know how to get up to the plateau where the dinosaur is. I had a vague idea of what to do but I couldn't get up there. I learned that I had to do a triple jump where the first jump was on a surface just below the wide area in front of the plateau. then the 2nd and 3rd jumps are on the wide area in front of the plateau. Then I do a cap jump and dive to the plateau.

- After beating the cascade boss, I knew I had to go left but I forgot what to do after that. I learned that I'm supposed to get the moon on the plateau and that I had to do a triple jump and then a cap jump and dive onto the plateau.

[1] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tIr3hPpGjm4&list=PLiinoyifvFb64od8RyqPFmVqDrFwkgaa0&index=3&t=0s]]>
Thu, 25 Jul 2019 02:28:01 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13140 http://curi.us/comments/show/13140
Fact check: 50 powers of 10 Frisco Open Discussion (2019)
> Some fellow students were showing me what they were working on: observing clusters of galaxies – through microscopes. That is how astronomers used to use the Palomar Sky Survey, a collection of 1,874 photographic negatives of the sky, on glass plates, which showed the stars and galaxies as dark shapes on a white background.

> [...]

> As I reached one particularly ambiguous image I asked my hosts, ‘Is that a galaxy or a star?’

> ‘Neither,’ was the reply. ‘That’s just a defect in the photographic emulsion.’

> [...]

> I had overestimated the mass of what I was looking at by some fifty powers of ten.

Seems legit.

Say the defect in the emulsion weighs around a microgram (idk how accurate this is). Then Wolfram|Alpha says [milky way mass/1 ug = 9.5×10^50](https://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=milky+way+mass%2F1+ug).]]>
Sat, 20 Jul 2019 21:12:09 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13139 http://curi.us/comments/show/13139
Logician Rationally Resolving Conflicts of Ideas
Similarly, "%" means "per 100" but the argument would work equally well if it was per 500. So "90%" would be better as "N per M". There are two variable parts there (maybe some other wording could reduce that to one). The non-variable part is the "per" or, in other words, the concept of a ratio or fraction (varying "per" to e.g. "plus" would ruin the argument).]]>
Sat, 20 Jul 2019 19:30:50 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13138 http://curi.us/comments/show/13138
Anonymous Mario Odyssey Discussion
That's too much. Try learning maybe 3 zones and then doing a few runs of those with a timer and see how you improve and get faster. Also, you'll remember those zones better if you've gone back over them a few times with timed runs. And you get to do real runs sooner and see what they are like more.

This will give you a better idea of what mistakes are important and how important they are. You'll start seeing things like "I can still get a new best time if I keep going" vs "I'm now too far behind to improve my time, that mistake cost me big". (Don't give up just because you can't get a new best time. Practice is still good. And trying to pretty consistently get near your time is good too.)

And yeah keeping track of where you're losing time is good. Once you start doing runs, figure out your biggest problems and work on improving those. It's common for runners to do some focused practice (go to a specific area to practice a specific thing) at the start of their session, then do runs after. Then the next day, they practice some errors from yesterday's runs before doing new runs.]]>
Sat, 20 Jul 2019 12:30:20 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13137 http://curi.us/comments/show/13137
curi Rationally Resolving Conflicts of Ideas
> > Actually that is trivially false. If you are competent at the matters you are claiming to have knowledge of, you ought to be able to *disprove* that. If you cannot find a disproof, will you admit you have much less skill at these topics than I do? You ought to be able to find a disproof within 10 minutes (it took me under 30 seconds), IMO, but you can have a week if you want. If you don't know what you're doing mathematically, that is OK but you ought to acknowledge the situation and stop making claims about areas where you don't know. You could try to ask questions and get help studying rather than make assertions that you are unable to actually judge/evaluate.

> I was referring to central limit theorem. What is your disproof?

And the text under discussion was:

> (FYI, the distribution of the sample mean approaches normality with greater sample size irrespective of underlying population distribution)

I misread it. But I think it doesn't make sense. I read it without the word "mean". I read "... the distribution of the sample approaches normality ..."

It doesn't make sense with the word "mean" after "sample" because means don't have or approach normality. I expected the word "normality" to be related to the normal distribution which had been part of the discussion.

Similarly, the text "the distribution of" only makes sense if talking about the sample, not the sample mean. A sample, but not a mean, has a distribution.

So there were two textual indicators to indicate it'd be talking about the sample, not the sample mean. But I see now that it says sample mean. Maybe it's a typo and you actually meant what I misread, or maybe something else is going on, let me know.

---

> The form of the argument is:

> 1) 90% of X have Y.

> 2) is a randomly selected X.

> 3) Therefore, there is a 90% chance Z has Y

I assume that (2) is meant to begin with "Z".

This does not fit a standard deductive pattern. It introduces non-standard terms outside of variables. Standard terms are things like "all", "are" or "therefore". Can you provide a reference to material on logic which gives this form? Here are some standard deductive forms so you can see what they are like: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syllogism (Barbara, Celarent, etc., are deductive forms, but you aren't using any of those)

Substantive, non-standard terms that you've used are "90%", "randomly selected", and "chance". Deduction is supposed to be based on *minimal axioms and logic* (e.g. our understanding of "some" or "not"), not based on a pre-existing, complex knowledge of random sampling and probability. That way, the correctness of deductive conclusions depends only on very minimal assumptions, not on e.g. the correctness of one's beliefs about random sampling. (It's like how the correctness of the standard syllogism about Socrates does not depend on our understanding of mortality. That's one of the main points of it.)]]>
Sat, 20 Jul 2019 11:29:03 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13136 http://curi.us/comments/show/13136
Anonymous Submit Podcast Questions Sat, 20 Jul 2019 10:13:15 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13134 http://curi.us/comments/show/13134 Anonymous Submit Podcast Questions Sat, 20 Jul 2019 09:21:25 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13133 http://curi.us/comments/show/13133 Rethinking my whole process of learning speedrunning GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
I think I should rethink my whole process.

How do I decide what constitutes a failure?

In the case of my current situation where I'm learning how to speedrun Mario by trying to somewhat follow the smallant beginner speed run videos, I'd say a failure involves not knowing where to go next at a particular point in the speed run. for example, not remembering which moons are the easiest to get in order to move on to the next kingdom, or not remembering which moon to get before some other moon. The goal (for this part of my learning of speed running) should be to learn the overall beginner speed run path so that I could do a speed run without needing to rewatch the videos.

When I reach such a failure, what I think I should do is: stop playing, check the video, record what I should be doing next in an ordered list, post about it here, then continue with the speed run. Recording these things in an ordered list and talking about them here will help me figure out what I’m doing wrong and what to do instead and it’ll help me remember these things.

After I'm able to do a speed run of the whole game without having to check the videos or my ordered list, then I should start recording my times. From this point going forward, I’ll be measuring my progress by checking to see that my times are getting shorter with each speed run.

At this point of my learning-speedrunning project I could start optimizing smaller things. For example, let’s say that I keep falling off a ledge and dying at a particular point of the speed run path. For each of these cases I could rewatch a smallant video to see what he’s doing differently. Then I can choose a small section of the speed run that includes this point and optimize my skills for it. And I’ll discuss it here to have others (and myself) check my thinking. Then when I judge that I’m pretty consistently doing better at said point of the speed run path, I can move on with the rest of the speed run. Then I’ll repeat this cycle indefinitely until my best speed run time for the whole game is good enough. I guess that would be when I don’t have any more philosophy to learn (when I have no more leads and nobody else has any leads for me either).]]>
Sat, 20 Jul 2019 04:48:24 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13132 http://curi.us/comments/show/13132
The Empire Strikes Back in Concert Frisco Open Discussion (2019)
So much creativity and specialization and cooperation went into creating each second of that production. It occurred to me that (what remains of) the West is like that. So much human creativity and culture goes into each second of our lives, to create and maintain things like air conditioning, books, windows, computers, video games, clothes, beds, heating, electricity, language, and free speech. All of that is the product of people solving problems, working together, and building on each other's work (as well as some other things I haven't thought of).

Then it occurred to me that our bodies and even our capacity to think are the product of billions of years of evolution by natural selection. That's knowledge creation on a vast scale.

I remembered that some people hate the West. They don't care about all that accumulated knowledge. They want to see it burn like the Library of Alexandria.

I like the West. I don't want to see it burn. I want to see it flourish. If there are sides to be chosen, I want to be on the side of knowledge creation, of the West, and of The Empire Strikes Back in Concert.]]>
Fri, 19 Jul 2019 21:27:24 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13131 http://curi.us/comments/show/13131
Anonymous Mario Odyssey Discussion Fri, 19 Jul 2019 10:33:38 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13130 http://curi.us/comments/show/13130 speed running from start of Cap kingdom to the 1st door GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
For this session I'll practice from the start of cap kingdom, crossing the 2 bridges, and entering the first door.

It took me like 10 tries before I could do it.

As per #13127 I decided to use a cap jump and dive instead of trying to land on the stairs. I noticed that I have to be pretty close to the first stair before jumping, otherwise my cap jump and dive doesn't get me to the bridge.

For a few of the tries, I crashed into the 1st bridge's railing because I didn't turn left enough as I was rolling. I need to get better at turning while rolling.

For most of my tries, I made lots of mistakes (deviations from what I intended to do) that I recovered from.

Total successes: 9

Re crashing into a wall/railing while rolling, I noticed that hitting the wall/railing at 45 degrees causes a crash instead of causing me to change direction. I need to hit it at less than 45 degrees, but I'm not sure how much less.]]>
Fri, 19 Jul 2019 05:44:16 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13129 http://curi.us/comments/show/13129
GISTE Mario Odyssey Discussion
> You could still find a way to keep going and get up the stairs, even if you didn't use the planned triple jump. Your mistake probably only lost like 3 seconds.

Hmm. I thought losing 3 seconds is too much to lose. I guess I've set the standard too high (at least for now).

> You could throw your cap, dive, and jump off the cap if you need more airtime to clear something. Cap jumping is generally easier than trying to jump off small, exact spots on the ground like a specific step. It lets you skip more terrain and simplify things (only have to interact with the ground in fewer places). And it won't be much slower.

Yes. I find cap jumps much easier to use in order clear ground obstacles like stairs than other ways. I found it very difficult to land on the stairs the way the smallant video shows.

I'm going to try your way.]]>
Fri, 19 Jul 2019 05:00:26 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13128 http://curi.us/comments/show/13128
Anonymous Mario Odyssey Discussion
Yes. That's good. There were cases where it looked like maybe you weren't doing that, e.g.:

> 8th try: failed. I noticed that I veered right too much resulting in not being in position to jump onto the stairs.

You could still find a way to keep going and get up the stairs, even if you didn't use the planned triple jump. Your mistake probably only lost like 3 seconds.

> Re your second paragraph, I think starting the triple jump early (such that my 3rd jump is from the ground instead of from the 1st stair), results in doing a dive that doesn't get me to the bridge. I'll try it tomorrow to make sure.

You could throw your cap, dive, and jump off the cap if you need more airtime to clear something. Cap jumping is generally easier than trying to jump off small, exact spots on the ground like a specific step. It lets you skip more terrain and simplify things (only have to interact with the ground in fewer places). And it won't be much slower.]]>
Thu, 18 Jul 2019 21:05:13 +0000 http://curi.us/comments/show/13127 http://curi.us/comments/show/13127